Among the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, the following were known Masons:
Benjamin Franklin -- 1 of 13 Masonic signers of the Constitution of the U.S. member of St. John's Lodge, Tun Tavern, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Past Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania.
Elbridge Gerry, member of Philanthropic Lodge, Marblehead, Massachusetts.
John Hancock, made a Master Mason, at the age of 23, in 1760, in Merchants Lodge No. 1, Quebec City, the first civilian Lodge established in Canada after the Conquest. In 1763, he went to Boston, Massachusetts, where he affiliated with St. Andrew's Lodge.
William Hooper, member of Hanover Lodge, Masonborough, North Carolina.
Richard Stockton, charter member, and first Master of St. John's Lodge, Princeton, New Jersey.
Matthew Thornton, made a Mason in a Lodge attached to a British Regiment of Foot during the Siege of Louisburg, Canada, in 1745, serving in a New Hampshire Colonial Regiment as a surgeon. Baron Von Steuben, while at Valley Forge, is said to have conferred the higher Degrees on him and to have been the only Signer who attained the 32nd Degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite.
George Walton, member of Solomons Lodge No. 1, Savannah, Georgia.
William Whipple, member of St. Johnþs Lodge No. 1, Portsmouth, New Jersey.
The following named Signers have been referred to as members of the Fraternity by various Masonic writers, and in Masonic publications, but their Lodge affiliation is not known:
Roger Sherman, state he was made a Mason prior to the American Revolution. A Masonic Apron said to be worn by him is in the collection at Yale University.
Josiah Bartlett, one so named is listed as a charter member of King Solomon's Lodge, Charlestown, Massachusetts.
Philip Livingston, often referred to as a Mason. Records of the Grand Lodge of New York do not disclose his name. Several members, named Livingston, are noted in the records of Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City, New York.
Joseph Hewes, Records of Unanimity Lodge No. 7, Edenton, North Carolina, show his name as a visitor on St. John's Day, December, 1776.
Robert Treat Paine, member of a Massachusetts Lodge. The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts records do not show his affiliation He was said to be present at the celebration of St. John's Day, Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, in June, 1759.
Thomas McKean, noted as a frequent visitor to Perseverance Lodge No. 2l, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The McKean genealogy has stated he was a Mason, although his name is not found on the records of the Grand Lodge of Delaware, which was not organized until the close of the American Revolution. A brother, Samuel McKean, was a member of the Fraternity.
John Penn, known to have attended Lodges in North Carolina, but his Masonic affiliation is not known.
Lyman Hall, claimed to have been a member of Solomons Lodge No. 1, Savannah, Georgia.
William Ellery, claimed as a member of a Lodge in Boston, Massachusetts.
Thomas Nelson, Jr., claimed to have visited Lodge No. 9, Yorktown, Virginia, after the Siege of that place was lifted in the Revolutionary War, accompanied by Lafayette and Washington.
Absence of definite proof of the Masonic affiliation of the Signers named in the foregoing paragraphs, precludes the possibility of knowing. This is also the case with Thomas Jefferson; John Adams; Benjamin Rush, Robert Morris; John Witherspoon; George Wythe; Francis Lightfoot Lee; Richard Henry Lee, and others. Caesar Rodney, of Delaware fame, had a son Caesar Augustus Rodney - a member of the Craft. George Read, another Signer from Delaware, had a son - George M. Read - who was Grand Master of Pennsylvania. Samuel Huntington had a son who was Grand Master of Ohio.
accounting is but a small representation of famous Freemasons and is not intended to be all inclusive.
Sir John J.C. - Prime Minister of Canada
Abbott, Robert Sengstacke - Founder/publisher
Abbot, Robert O. (1824-1867) - Surgeon General of the U.S., 1862-67
Abbot, William R. (1869-1950) - President of Illinois Bell Telephone Co. 1922-30; chairman of the board, 1930-34. b. Sept. 18, 1869 in New York City. Began as clerk for Erie Railroad in 1885 and with the Westchester (N.Y.) Telephone Company in 1888. Was with Illinois Bell from 1893, becoming general superintendent, general manager, vice president and president. Mason and Knight Templar. d. Mar. 2, 1950.
Abercrombie, John W. (1866-1940) - Educator and public official. President of University of Alabama 190211. State supervisor of teacher certification in Alabama 1935-40. Acting Secretary for U.S. Department of Labor 1918-20. Member of 63rd and 64th Congress 1913-17. Member of Alabama Senate 1896-98. Mason and 32° AASR.
Abrams, Benjamin - President of Emerson Radio and Phonograph Corp. Came to this country from Romania at the age of 12. Left school at 13 to help support his fatherless family and by the age of 29 had acquired the name, assets and presidency of the Emerson Corp. His career is studded with "firsts"; the radio-phonograph, the smallest radio and commercial television. Famed for his philanthropy to national and international projects. He was a member of Farragut Lodge No. 976, New York City.
Adams, Alva (1850-1922) - Governor of Colorado 1887-89; 1897-99. Candidate for governor in 1904 and was declared elected, being seated on Jan. 10, but on March 20, 1905 he was ousted by legislature which gave the office to James H. Peabody, who served one day and resigned. Member of first Colorado legislature in 1876. U.S. Commissioner-General to Australia, New Zealand, Java, Siam, and China. Knighted in Pueblo Commandery No. 3, K.T. Jan. 15, 1884; 32° January 29, 1890 in Denver. Active member of Supreme Council AASR (SJ). b. Iowa Co., Wis., May 14, 1850; d. Battle Creek, Mich., Nov. 1, 1922.
Adams, Kenneth S. Chairman of board of Phillips Petroleum Co. since 1951. President of Phillips from 193851. b. Aug. 31, 1899 at Horton, Kans. Began with Phillips as a warehouse clerk in 1920. Member of Bartlesville Lodge No. 284, Bartlesville Chapter No. 55, R.A.M.; Calvary Commandery No. 26, K.T. all of Bartlesville, Okla. 33° AASR (SJ) at Guthrie, Okla.; Kara Grotto, Bartlesville; Tulsa Court No. 47, Royal Order of Jesters, Tulsa; Akdar Shrine Temple at Tulsa; Wasono Shrine Club, Bartlesville, Bartlesville Scottish Rite Club. Member, Legion of Honor, Order of DeMolay and Trustee, Masonic Foundation of Oklahoma, Inc.
Adams, Samuel - Governor of Arkansas in 1844. Member of Clarksville Lodge No. 5 (Ark.) and junior grand warden pro-tem of the G.L. of Arkansas in 1844.
Adams, Sherman - Governor of New Hampshire; advisor to President Eisenhower. Elected governor of New Hampshire in 1949 and was the 40th Freemason to serve as governor out of a total of 67 since 1785. As advisor to Eisenhower he was often called "Assistant President," and was chief of the White House staff. Described as "tough-minded, aloof, knowing all the policies, aims, purposes and background." Makes many decisions on his own and is sometimes called "The Rock of Gibraltar." Knight Templar, 32° and member of Bektash Shrine Temple of N.H. Served in WW1 and traces kinship back to two presidents of the U.S. Speaker of N.H. House of Representatives 1943-44 and member of the 79th Congress. b. East Dover, Vt., Jan. 8, 1899.
Adams, Charles F. (1876-1946) - Business executive who pioneered and developed National League hockey in U.S., 1925. Governor of the league 1925-37; Director and chairman of board of Eastern Racing Association 1935-43. Director Boston National League Baseball Association 1927-35. Knight Templar and Shriner. b. Oct. 19, 1876, in Newport, Vt. d. Oct. 1, 1946.
Adams, John T. (1873-1942) - Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Colorado,1931-34. b. Dec. 25, 1873 at La Porte, Ind. Admitted to bar in 1900. Named to Supreme Court of Colorado as justice in 1925, serving last part of term as chief justice. Resumed law practice in 1935. Mason. d. May 13, 1942.
Adler, Julius Ochs (1892-1955) Major General; vice-president and general manager of the New York Times. Fought in both WW1 and WW2 and was called a "Soldier's Soldier" by President Eisenhower. Was active in many Jewish, civic and patriotic endeavors throughout his life. The rank of general—which Adler carried proudly—was not honorary. He had been a civilian soldier for forty years. Since WW1, he had served the 77th infantry division. He left it during WW2 to lead other combat troops. After the war he rejoined the 77th and became the commanding general of this New York reserve unit. He started with the New York Times in 1914, and in directing its business management as well as that of the Chattanooga (Tenn.) Times, he helped maintain the high standards that have been a credit to the world of journalism. He was a member of Justice Lodge No. 753 of New York City. Adler died on October 3, 1955 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery on October 6.
Aglipay, Gregorio - Chaplain General of the Philippine Army 1899-1901. Scottish Rite member. Later headed the Philippine Independent Church.
Agnew, Andrew D. (1867-1951) - Grand Master of the Grand Encampment, K.T. 1932-37. Native of Ireland. Lawyer. Active member of the Supreme Council (NJ), 1920. 33* in 1911.
Agramonte, Ignacio (1841-1873) - Cuban patriot and Freemason who participated in war which followed Cuba's declaration of independence in 1868. b. in Puerto Principe, he was commissioned under Cespedes and became leader of the revolts of 1868-69 against Spain. He was killed in battle.
Aikens, Charles T. (1862-1927) - University president and Lutheran minister. Ordained, 1888. President of Susquehanna University, Selinsgrove, Pa. from 1905. President of Lutheran Synod of Central Pa. 1897-1901. 32° AASR.
Ainsworth, John C. (1870-1943) - Financier. President of States Steamship Co.; president of Ainsworth National Bank, Portland, Oregon and its successor, the U.S. National Bank. Director of many corporations and the Federal Reserve Bank in Portland. 33° John C. Ainsworth (1822-1893) Transportation pioneer of the Pacific Northwest. Went West with the 1850 gold rush and soon settled in Oregon where he pioneered in transportation. He was the guiding genius of river steamboat transportation and his Oregon Steam Navigation Co. grew tothe Pacific Northwest division of the Union Pacific Railroad. His Portland bank was the largest in Oregon. Was an incorporator and promoter of the Northern Pacific Railway. Was raised in Farmington Lodge No. 9, Ohio and became the first master of Multnomah Lodge No. 86 (Mo. register), now Oregon No. 1. He helped organize the G.L. of Oregon and served as grand master 1854-55. In 1865 he was grand high priest of the Grand Chapter. Inspector general 33° AASR (SJ).
Akerson, George E. (1889-1937) - Secretary to President Hoover 192931; Hoover's assistant when Secretary of Commerce 1925-28. Washington correspondent and asst. managing editor of Minneapolis Tribune 1912-25. 32° at Minneapolis Feb. 27, 1929. Received Shrine at Washington, D.C. Apr. 29, 1929 as courtesy to Zurah Temple in Minneapolis.
Akin, Spencer B. - Major General U.S. Army. b. Feb. 13, 1889. B.S. Virginia Military Institute 1910. 2nd lt. U.S. Army, 1910 advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1941 and major general in 1943. Chief signal officer on staff of General MacArthur and later chief signal officer, Department of Army. Cited by Poor Richard Club for his reorganization of Army's system of communication to needs of atomic warfare. Mason.
Prince Albert - Duke of York. b. December 14, 1895, in London. Provincial G.M. of Middlesex.
Albert-Edward - Prince of Wales (1841-1910) (see Edward VII of England) Eldest son of Queen Victoria. Initiated in Stockholm in 1868 by King Charles XV and made past grand master in 1870. In 1875 he received the AASR degrees. In 1875 he succeeded the Marquis de Ripon as grand master of England, an office which he held until his death in 1910.
Alcorn, James L. - Former Governor and Senator from Mississippi. Member Coahoma Lodge No. 104, Friar's Point, Miss. and Jackson Chapter No. 6, Jackson, Miss.
Aldrich, Chester H. (1862-1924) - Governor of Nebraska and jurist. Admitted to Nebraska bar, 1891. Member Nebraska Senate, 1907. Governor of Nebraska 1911-13. Justice, Supreme Court of Nebraska 1919-25. Mason and Knight Templar.
Aldrich, Kildroy P. - 1st Assistant Postmaster General, 1943-45. b. Feb. 16, 1877. With postal department from 1897 to 1945, serving in various ca-pacities from postal clerk to assistant postmaster general. Raised in Siloam Lodge No. 276, Oklahoma City, Okla. in 1913 and a life member. Member of Missouri Consistory No. 1, St. Louis, Mo. (SJ).
Aldrich, Nelson W. (1841-1915) - U.S. Senator from Rhode Island from 1881 to 1911. b. Nov. 6, 1841 at Foster, R.I.; Graduate of Brown Univ. Member of R.I. House of Representatives from 1875-77, serving as speaker of same. Elected five times to U.S. Senate and declined nomination for reelection in 1910. A member of What Cheer Lodge No. 21, (past master) Providence and Providence Chapter No. 1 as well as Cavalry Commandery No. 13 which he served as commander in 1871. In 1879 he was grand commander of the Grand Commandery of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. d. Apr. 16, 1915.
Aldrin, Edwin E. "Buzz" -
Astronaut - Clear Lake Lodge No. 1417, Seabrook, Texas - Valley of Houston Scottish Rite 33rd degree) Second man to walk on the
Aleman, Miguel - President of Mexico 1947-52. Petitioned Antiquities Lodge No. 9 of Grand Lodge Valle de Mexico on Sept. 25, 1930 as a young man of 26. Initiated Oct. 20, 1930; passed April 27, 1931 and raised July 31, 1931. He later demitted to City of Mexico Lodge No. 35. Received AASR degrees 4th through 32nd Nov. 24, 1942 by Grand Commander Antonio Arceo. Made a noble of the Mystic Shrine in Anezeh Temple of Mexico City on Nov. 27, 1945. Son of General Miguel Aleman, who as a revolutionist against Porfirio Diaz, fled to the mountains as an open rebel for three years before the general revolution of 1910, leaving 8-year-old Miguel as head of the house. By sellingpapers he worked his way through the law school of the National University and on graduation set up a thriving law business principally with labor unions and individual workers. His public life began as magistrate of the Veracruz Supreme Court. Was elected to the Senate and in 1936 was appointed Governor of Veracruz, serving until 1940. He resigned as governor to manage the election of his friend, General Avila Camacho, who, when he won, appointed Aleman as Minister of Interior. At 37, he was the youngest cabinet member and Camacho's principal trouble shooter between the federal government and the 28 states. In this capacity he won international recognition for tracking down some 2,000 German and Japanese nationals in deference to the U.S. He was nominated as president by the head of the Latin-American Federation of Labor and his campaign manager was the editor of the labor newspaper, El Popular. Industrialists backed him because he understood the technical necessities of Mexican industry. Scholars and professional men cheered him for his ability and brains. The old revolutionary generals liked his background and political philosophy, and the masses voted for him because he had given them more in the way of social reform than anyone within their memory. He was particularly interested in public education and transportation.
Alexander I (1777-1825) - Czar of Russia from 1801-1825. b. Dec. 23, 1777 and succeeded Paul I q.v. on the throne in 1801. While he prohibited all secret societies in 1801, in 1803 he rescinded this prohibition. It is said that he was convinced by Johann Boeber q.v., later grand master of Russia, of the benefits of Masonry and he not only lifted the ban, but became a member himself. Some sources claim he was initiated in Canongate Kilwinning Lodge of Edinburgh, Scotland and in 1814 acted as master at the conferring of the degrees in a military lodge in Paris on William III, Emperor of Germany. He was, for certain, a member of the Polish Grand Orient. In November, 1815 the Polish Masons gave a banquet in his honor after which he left generous gifts for the Grand Orient. He has been accused of using Freemasonry for political purposes. d. Dec. 1, 1825 under mysterious circumstances. In 1822 he became suspicious of the political dangers inherent in some of the Russian lodges, and on the advice of Grand Master Kushelev of the Grand Lodge "Astra," banned Freemasonry on August 1, 1822. This date marks the destruction of Russian Freemasonry, for his successor, Nicholas I, confirmed the edict on April 21, 1826.
Alexander III (1241-1286) - King of Scotland from 1349. Legend states he favored Freemasons and that Kilwinning Abbey was built under his guidance. Married Margaret, daughter of Henry III, in 1251. Defeated Norwegian invasion in 1263. United Hebrides and Isle of Man to the kingdom.
Prince Alexander of Orange - (Netherlands) Grand Master 1832-84.
Prince Alexander of Wurtemberg - Initiated in 1808 in the Phoenix Lodge in Paris. Was uncle of Emperor Alexander of Russia.
Allemang, Herbert J. - Vice president of Philco Corp. since 1951. b. May 3, 1902. Raised in South Bend Lodge No. 294, South Bend, Ind. in 1923. Member of AASR (NJ) in South Bend and Medinah Shrine Temple.
Allen, Henry J. (1868-1950) - U.S. Senator and former governor of Kansas. b. Sept. 11, 1868 in Warren Co., Pa. Began as editor of Manhattan Nationalist in 1894 and later owned and operated several daily newspapers in Kansas; chairman of board of Wichita Daily Beacon Publishing Co. Governor of Kansas from 1919-23 and appointed U.S. Senator to succeed Vice-president Curtis in 1929. Assistant to Charles G. Dawes, pres. of Reconstruction Finance Corp. in 1932. Editor of the Topeka Journal from 1935 until death. Director of publicity for the Hoover-Curtis campaign in 1928 and as president of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater Assn., helped prepare treaty between U.S. and Canada on that project. Active abroad in WW1 in Red Cross work. Mason. d. Jan. 17, 1950.
Allen, John E. (1873-1945) - Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New Hampshire, 1934-43. Educated at Dartmouth and Harvard, he was admitted to N.H. bar in 1897, serving as probate judge from 1899 to 1906. He was associate justice of Superior Court of N.H. 1917-24 and 1924-34 before becoming chief justice. Mason.
Allen, Richard - Founder/first bishop
Herbert J. Allemang Vice president of Philco Corp. since 1951. b. May 3, 1902. Raised in South Bend Lodge No. 294, South Bend, Ind. in 1923. Member of AASR (NJ) in South Bend and Medinah Shrine Temple.
Allende, Salvador - President of Chile,
overthrown in 1970
Alexis, Algert D. - Rear Admiral U.S. Navy. b. June 25, 1897. Appointed lieutenant (jg) in 1921 and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1950. His speciality in the service was naval construction and he commanded many naval installations both at home and abroad, including staff commander of the service force for the invasion of Japan. He retired in 1954 and is now a consulting civil engineer. Raised in Peter Williamson Lodge No. 323, Scranton, Pa. in 1920. Royal Arch membership in Norfolk, Va. Past president of Charleston, S.C. chapter of the National Sojourners.
Allred, James V. - Governor of Texas 1935-39. b. Mar. 29, 1899 at Bowie, Texas. Admitted to Texas bar in 1924. Served as district attorney 1923-25 and attorney general of Texas 193135. U.S. District Judge, southern district of Texas 1939-42. Practicing attorney since 1942. Raised in Bowie Lodge No. 578 July 6, 1920. Received Scottish Rite degrees in 1926. K.C.C.H.
Amberg, Richard - Publisher of St. Louis Globe-Democrat from Sept., 1955. b. June 5, 1912 in New York City. Graduated from Harvard in 1933. Editor and publisher of newspapers in Oil City and Knox, Pa. from 1937-41 and also Sportsman's Hunting & Fishing Digest same years. He was director of publicity for the American Transit Assn. from 1945-47 and general manager of Newsday in 1947-49. In 1949-50 he was administrative assistant on the New York Herald Tribune and general manager and director of The Post Standard, Syracuse, N.Y. from 1950-52. Raised in Oil City Lodge No. 710, Oil City, Pa. in 1938. Member of Oil City Chapter No. 236, R.A.M. and Talbot Cornmandery No. 43, K.T. both of Oil City. 32° AASR, Valley of St. Louis (SJ). Member of St. Leo Conclave No. 71, Red Cross of Constantine, Syracuse, N.Y. and Moolah Shrine Temple, St. Louis, Mo.
Amelung, John Frederick - Early American glass manufacturer. In March, 1789 he visited George Washington at Mt. Vernon and presented him with two engraved gobets with Washington's coat of arms. A zealous Mason, he established a lodge in Frederick Co., Maryland sometime between 1790 and 1799.
Amundsen, Roald (1872-1928) - Discoverer of South Pole. A Norwegian polar explorer. b. Borge, Norway. He discovered the South Pole in December, 1911. In 1903-06 he navigated the northwest passage and fixed the position of the North magnetic pole, and in 1926 he flew across the North pole with Lincoln Ellsworth. He disappeared in June, 1928 on flight to rescue Nobile who was lost returning from North Pole. Said by several sources to be a Freemason but no lodge ever specified.
Anderson, Clinton P. - U.S. Secretary of Agriculture and senator. b. Oct. 23, 1895 at Centerville, S. Dak. Was state treasurer of New Mexico 1933-34; member of 77th to 79th Congresses from New Mexico (1941-47); secretary of agriculture in Truman's cabinet (1945-48) and elected U.S. Senator from N. Mexico in Nov., 1948. Was raised in Albuquerque Lodge No. 60 in 1917. Member of Rio Grande Chapter No. 4, R.A.M. and Pilgrim Commandery No. 3, K.T. 32° AASR in Orient of New Mexico; KCCH in 1937 and 33° in 1945. He is past potentate of Ballut Abyad Shrine Temple (1937), member of Tall Cedars of Lebanon, Santa Fe Conclave No. 55, Red Cross of Constantine, National Sojourners and Royal Order of Jesters.
Anderson, George W. (1861-1938) - Judge. b. Sept. 1, 1861 at Acworth, N.H. Attended Boston Law School and Boston University, opening practice in 1890. U.S. District Attorney of Mass. 1914-17; member interstate commerce commission 1917-18; became judge U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, Boston, 1918. Retired. Trustee World Peace Foundation and Cushing Academy. Mason. Died Feb. 14, 1938.
Anderson, Victor Emanuel - Governor of Nebraska since 1955. b. March 30, 1902 at Havelock, Nebr. Owner of Anderson Hardware & Plumbing Co. since 1924; Victor Anderson Bottle Gas Co. since 1946; president Havelock (Nebr.) National Bank; Nebraska state senator in 194950. Raised in George Washington Lodge No. 250, Lincoln, Nebr. in 1928. Member of AASR (SJ) at Lincoln, Nebraska. Also member of Shrine, Jesters and DeMolay.
Anderson, Edward (1833-1916) - Clergyman and Civil War soldier. b. Nov. 19, 1833. Studied theology and was ordained pastor in the Congregational ministry in 1858. Served pastorates in Michigan, Ill., Ohio, and Conn. In the Civil War he served with John Brown in Kansas; was chaplain of the 37th Illinois Volunteers until after the Missouri Campaign in 1862 and was colonel with the 12th Indian Volunteer Cavalry until close of war. Mason.
Anderson, William F. (1860-1944) - Bishop, Methodist Episcopal Church. b. April 22, 1860 at Morgantown, Va. (now W. Va.) Ordained in 1887 and elected bishop in 1908, retiring in 1932. During that time he was resident bishop of Chattanooga, Tenn., Cincinnati, Ohio, and Boston, Mass. He was acting president of Boston Univ. in 1925-26. Visited many foreign missions prior to WW1 and during that war made five trips abroad as member of Emergency and Reconstruction Committee of the church. Mason and 32° AASR.
Anderson, Sigurd - Governor of South Dakota (1951-55). b. Arendal, Norway, Jan. 22, 1904 and brought to U.S. in 1906, becoming a citizen upon his father's naturalization in 1912. Graduated in law from the University of South Dakota in 1931. Was assistant attorney general of South Dakota in 1941-43 and later attorney general. Served as an officer in the U.S. Navy in WW2. Now with the Federal Trade Commission in Washington. He was raised in Coteau Lodge No. 54 at Webster, S. Dak. in 1943; member of Rabboni Chapter No. 23, RA.M., Webster; Temple Council No. 7 R. & S.M. Pierre; and Damascus Commandery No. 10, K.T. Aberdeen; 32° AASR at Yankton; Yelduz Shrine Temple at Aberdeen; Order of Eastern Star, Webster; and National Sojourners in Washington, D.C. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of South Dakota.
Andrade, General Ignacio - President of the Republic of Venezuela from 1898 to 1899. A 32° Freemason.
Andrews, Adolphus ( 1879 - 1948 ) - Vice admiral commanding the Eastern Sea Frontier of WW2 (1942-43). b. Oct. 7, 1879 at Galveston, Texas and graduated from Naval Academy in 1907. Promoted through grades to rear admiral, 1934. Naval aid to Theodore Roosevelt, Harding and Coolidge. Commanded several ships including Mayflower, Massachusetts and Texas. Commanded New London, Conn. submarine base 1927-29; chief of staff Naval War College, 1931-33; chief of staff, U.S. Fleet, 1934-35; chief of Bureau of Navigation, 1935-38; Raised in Temple Noyes Lodge No. 32, Washington, D.C. on July 13, 1911, d. June 19, 1948.
Andrews, Frank (1864-1936) - Judge, Supreme Court of Texas from 1918. b. Fayette Co., Texas, June 15, 1864. Assistant attorney general of Texas, 1891-95; judge court of civil appeals, 1899. d. Dec. 7, 1936. Mason.
Andrews, Thomas G. (1882-1942) - Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma 1929-35. b. Aug. 29, 1882. Admitted to Oklahoma bar in 1911. Active in Oddfellows, serving as G.M. of Oklahoma and representative to the supreme grand lodge for 14 years. Member of the ritual revision committee and chairman of judiciary committee (natl.). Elected grand sire 1937. He was a Knight Templar, 33° AASR and Shriner. d. Sept. 1942.
Angell, William R. (1877-1950) - President of Continental Aeronautic Corp. b. Feb. 10, 1877 at Jesup, Iowa. Admitted to Illinois bar in 1899, beginning with Continental Motors in 1916 and becoming president from 1930-39. In addition to the Aeronautic Corp., he has served as president of Continental Aircraft Engine Co., Continental Divco Co., Home Finance Co. and Midland Corp., as well as being a director of several other companies. Mason. d. Jan. 25, 1950.
Frank M. (1861-1932) - Justice, Supreme Court of California, 1902-14. b. Sept. 4, 1861 at San Rafael, Calif. Raised in Marin Lodge No. 191, San Rafael Feb. 3, 1886, serving as master from 1888-90 and grand master of G.L. of California 1898-99. He was a member of the jurisprudence committee from 1899 until his death May 23, 1932.
Angstman, Albert H. - Justice, Supreme Court of Montana. b. March 23, 1888 at Farmington, Minn. Admitted to Minn. and Mont. bar in 1912. Assist, attorney-general of Montana 1921-28; assoc. justice supreme court 1929-35; counsel Public Service Comm. of Montana 1935-37; assoc. justice supreme court 1945-51. Raised in Helena Lodge No. 3, Helena, Mont. in 1918 and served as its master. Member of Helena Chapter No. 2, R.A.M. and past high priest; Helena Council No. 1, R. & S.M. and Helena Commandery No. 2, K.T. 32° AASR in Helena Consistory and member of Shrine since 1925.
Duke d' Antin - Elected "perpetual Grand Master" of the Freemasons of France on June 24, 1738, serving until 1743.
Armistead, Lewis A. (1817-1863) - American army officer. b. New Bern, N.C., he served in the U.S. army from 1839-61 and in the Confederate army 1861-63, receiving the rank of brigadier general in 1862. He was killed in Pickett's charge at Gettysburg. Member of Alexandria Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, Va. Also charter member of Union Lodge No. 7, Ft. Riley, Kans.
Armstrong, David H. (1812-1893) - U.S. Senator from Missouri 1877-79. b. Oct. 21, 1812 in Nova Scotia, Canada. He received an academic education at the Maine Wesleyan seminary and moved to St. Louis in 1837 where he opened and taught the first public school in the state on April 1, 1838. He was comptroller of St. Louis from 1847 to 1850 and a member of the board of police commissioners from 1873-75 and again in 1877. Armstrong was a member of Washington Lodge No. 9 of St. Louis.
Armstrong, Harry W. (1879-1951) - American composer famous for the all-time favorite Sweet Adeline which he wrote in 1903 with words by Richard H. Gerard. b. Somerville, Mass. He was raised Feb. 20, 1922 in Montgomery Lodge No. 68, New York City and affiliated with John Stewart Lodge No. 871 in 1932.
Armstrong, John ( 1758 - 1843 ) - American revolutionary officer; general in War of 1812, secretary of war, U.S. senator and minister to France. b. Carlisle, Pa. Was deputy adjutant general in the American Revolution and wounded at Germantown. In 1783 he wrote a series of anonymous letters in effort to force Congress to pay arrears to army officers. He was U.S. senator from New York from 180004 and U.S. minister to France 180410. As secretary of war 1813-14, he was held responsible by many for the military failures in the War of 1812. Raised in Army Lodge No. 19 on register of G.L. of Pennsylvania and later seems to have become a member of Old Cone Lodge No. 9 at Salisbury, N.C. He may have affiliated later in New York as there is such a name listed as a member of Hibernia Lodge No. 339.
Armstrong, Louis - Jazz Musician
Armstrong, Jr., Thomas (1857-1937) - Lawyer, public benefactor. b. July 18, 1857. Admitted to Wisconsin bar in 1880 and practiced in Portage. President of 1st National Bank of Portage 1891-92, moving to Phoenix, Arizona in 1892 where he engaged in law practice and was president of the 1st National Bank of Arizona 1924-29. He was the donor of the Pueblo Grande Ancient Ruins to the city of Phoenix. d. Nov. 1937. Mason.
Arn, Edward F. - Governor of Kansas 1952-55. b. Kansas City, Kansas May 19, 1906. Began law practice in Wichita in 1936; attorney general of Kansas 1947-49; associate justice Supreme Court of Kansas 1949-51. Raised in Wyandotte Lodge No. 3, Kansas City, Kansas in 1927. 32° AASR (SJ), Orient of Kansas at Wichita, National Sojourners Chapter No. 24 at Wichita, DeMolay Legion of Honor and Senior member, International Supreme Council, Order of DeMolay. Member of Midian Shrine of Wichita and member of patrol from 1937-47; honorary life member of Korein Temple at Rawlins, Wyo. and deputy to imperial potentate of the Shrine in 1954-55.
Arnall, Ellis G. - Governor of Georgia, 1943-47. b. March 20, 1907 at Newnan, Ga. Admitted to Georgia bar in 1931. Served as member of state house of representatives and speaker pro tern from 1933-37; attorney general of Georgia 1939-43. Since 1947 he has been president of the Dixie Life Insurance Co.; president of the Society of Independent Motion Picture Producers since 1948. From 1947-51 he was a member of the National Comm. for UNESCO. Member of Cowetta Lodge No. 60 at Newnan, Ga., since 1931.
Arnold, Benedict (1741-1801) -
Infamous American general who originally fought for American independence from the British Empire in the Continental Army.
Arnold, General Henry "Hap" - Commander of the Army Air Force
Samuel W. "Wat" Arnold Congressman from Missouri 78th to 80th Congresses (1943-49). b. Sept. 21, 1879 near Downing, Mo. Taught school and served as superintendent from 1896 to 1903. Owner of lumber business and radio stations. Member of the following Masonic bodies of Kirksville, Mo. Adair Lodge No. 366; Caldwell Chapter No. 53, R.A.M; Ely Commandery No. 22.
Arnold, Samuel W. "Wat" - Congressman from Missouri 78th to 80th Congresses (1943-49). b. Sept. 21, 1879 near Downing, Mo. Taught school and served as superintendent from 1896 to 1903. Owner of lumber business and radio stations. Member of the following Masonic bodies of Kirksville, Mo. Adair Lodge No. 366; Caldwell Chapter No. 53, R.A.M; Ely Commandery No. 22.
Aronson, J. Hugo - Governor of Montana since 1952. b. Sept. 1, 1891, Gallstad, Sweden. Came to U.S. in 1911. Director of Toole Co. Bank, Shelby, Mont. since 1927 and president since 1940. Member state house of representatives 1939-45; senator 1945-53. Mason. King Gustav VI Adolf q.v. of Sweden appointed him as representative of the G.L. of Sweden to the G.L. of Montana. His appointment was in Swedish, accompanied by an English translation, but Aronson could read the original. Received degrees in Shelby Lodge No. 143, in 1924 and later demitted to Cut Bank Lodge No. 82, Cut Bank, Mont. Member of Tyrean Chapter 34, R.A.M. and Cut Bank Council R. & S.M. No. 11 at Cut Bank and Golden West Commandery 24, K.T. at Shelby, Mont. 32° AASR in Valley of Helena. Was senior steward of Shelby Lodge at time of his transfer. Member of Algeria Shrine Temple and Shelby Chapter No. 113, O.E.S. Received "Hats Off" award from Edward C. Day Chapter, DeMolay in Helena.
Arthur, Harold J. - Governor of Vermont. b. Feb. 9, 1904 at Whitehall, N.Y. Admitted to bar in 1932 and has been in civil and criminal practice since that date. Clerk of Vermont lower house 1939-43, lieut. governor of Vermont 1949-50 and elected governor in 1950. Served as an officer, U.S. Army WW2, 1941-46. Mason, Knight Templar, 32° AASR (NJ) and Shriner.
Astor, John Jacob - Fur trader and financier - Became one of the first members of Holland Lodge #8, New York City, in 1790, serving as Master of the Lodge in 1798. Elected Grand Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of New York in 1798, and was Secretary of an Encampment of Knights Templar [Encampment no longer exists].
Atkins, Chet - Musician
Atkinson, George (1845-1925) - Governor of West Virginia 1897-1901. b. June 29, 1845 at Charleston, Va. (now W.Va.). Served as internal revenue agent, postmaster and U.S. Marshal. Member of 51st Congress (1889-91). Judge U.S. Court of Claims 1905-16. Raised in Kanawha Lodge No. 20, Charleston Oct. 12, 1866. Wasgrand master of W.Va. in 1876 and grand secretary of the G.L. of W. Va. from 1897 to 1901. Knight Templar. d. April 4, 1925.
Austin, Stephen F. - Father of Texas
Autry, Gene - Actor - Gene Autry Singer, actor, producer, writer of screen, stage, radio and TV. b. Sept. 29, 1907 at Tioga, Texas. Graduated from Tioga high school in 1925. Began as a railroad telegraph operator in Sapulpa, Okla. in 1925. Autry made first phonograph record of cowboy songs in 1929; radio artist WLS, Chicago, 1930-34; motion picture director since 1934; actor since 1934. His first picture was In Old Santa Fe and since that time he has starred in 55 musical Western feature pictures. Joined Army Air Force in 1942 as technical sergeant and discharged in 1945 as flight officer. With the advent of TV after WW2 he produced and starred in many productions. He has written over 250 songs including Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine (1931); You're the Only Star in My Blue Heaven (1938); Dust (1938); Tears on My Pillow (1941); Be Honest With Me (1941); Tweedle O'Twill (1942). Raised in Catoosa Lodge No. 185, Catoosa, Okla. in 1927. Life member of Long Beach, Calif. AASR (32°) and life member of Al Malaika Shrine Temple, Los Angeles, Calif.
Avery, Christopher L. - Justice, Supreme Court of Connecticut, 1929-42 (retired). b. Sept. 4, 1872. Graduate of Yale, A.B. 1893, LL.B. 1897. Admitted to N.Y. bar in 1897 and moved to Connecticut in 1903. Judge, Superior Court of Conn. 1920-29. Served as quartermaster, U.S. Navy in Spanish American War. Member of House of Representatives, 1913. Mason.
Avery, William H. - Congressman from Kansas, 84th Congress. b. Aug. 11, 1911, Wakefield, Kansas. Farmer, stockman, 1935-55; member Kansas state legislature, 1951-55. Received degrees in Wakefield Lodge No. 396, Wakefield, Kansas in 1954-55-56.
Aycock, Charles B. (1859-1912) - Governor of North Carolina, 1901-05. b. Nov. 1, 1859 at Fremont, N.C. Degrees from Univ. of North Carolina and Univ. of Maine. Practiced law at Goldsboro, N.C. Served as county superintendent of schools, U.S. district attorney. His bust is in Statuary Hall, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1897. d. April 4, 1912.
Babcock, Irving B. - President of General Motors Truck Corp. since 1935. b. June 25, 1891 at Milwaukee, Wis. LL.B. DePaul Univ. in 1916. Also president and director of Yellow Truck & Coach Mfg. Co., vice president of General Motors Corp. since 1943 and director of several large corporations. 32° AASR.
Bach, John Christian (1735-1782) - Musician, composer. One of the four sons of composer John Sebastian Bach—all of whom were musicians of importance. Known as "the Milan or London Bach," he was cathedral organist at Milan in 1760 and music master to Queen Charlotte Sophia, London in 1762. He was co-founder of Bach-Abel concerts in 1765 and composed operas, arias, cantatas, chamber music, symphonies and overtures. He was an early member of the Lodge of the Nine Muses No. 235 in London.
Bachelder, Nahum J. (1854-1934) - Governor of New Hampshire, 1903-05. b. Sept. 3, 1854 at Andover, N.H. He was a farmer. Mason. d. April 22, 1934.
Bacheller, Irving A. (1859-1950) - American novelist. b. Sept. 26, 1859 at Pierpont, N.Y. He was actively connected with the New York press for years and was an editor of the New York World from 1898-1900. When presented with the medal for distinguished achievement in the field of art by the Grand Lodge of New York in 1937 he said: "My brothers, it seems very long ago—exactly, I think it was in 1898 (raised Dec. 5, 1899)—when I was a member of the editorial staff of the New York World —that my friend Jules Chambers proposed me for membership in Kane Lodge (No. 454) with a membership of distinguished and illustrious names. That relationship has been one of the dearest of my life, one which I have been denied the pleasure of enjoying very much, for some 20 years ago I became a citizen of Florida. . . ." Commenting on his award in 1943 he said, "I never felt so highly honored as when I got a medal from the grand lodge some years ago. I'm in my 84th year. It was my ambition to set up a woodworking shop at the Masonic Home for children." Bacheller wrote more than 30 novels during his life including The Master of Silence (1890); Eben Holden (1900); D'ri and I (1901); Silas Strong (1906) ; Keeping Up With Lizzie (1911); A Man for the Ages (1919); A Candle in the Wilderness (1930); The Oxen of the Sun (1945) and A Boy for the Ages (1937).
Bacon, Augustus O. (1839-1914) - U. S. Senator from Georgia three terms, 1894, 1900, 1907. b. Oct. 20,1839 at Bryan Co., Ga. Graduate of Univ. of Georgia in 1860 and practiced law at Macon. Mason. d. Feb. 14, 1914.
Bacon, Sir Francis (1561-1626) - English philosopher and author. Raised to peerage as 1st Baron of Verulam after serving as solicitor general (1609) attorney general (1613) and Lord chancellor (1618). Famous for his Essays; History of Henry VII; Advancement of Learning and other important works. Thought by some to be a Rosecrucian whose New Atlantis was an early influence on the development of the craft.
Bacon, Frank (1864-1922) - Actor and writer. b. Jan. 16, 1864 at Marysville, Calif. Wrote Lightnin' in collaboration with Winchell Smith, which had long Broadway run. Appeared in stage hits such as Alabama; Pudd'n Head Wilson; Me and Grant; Cinderella Man; Fortune Hunter and many others. Mason. d. Nov. 19, 1922.
Bacon, Robert L. (1884-1938) - Congressman from N.Y., 68th to 75th Congresses. b. July 23, 1884 at Boston, Mass. Served with field artillery in WW1. Mason. d. Sept. 12, 1938.
Bacon, Walter W. - Governor of Delaware 1941-49. b. Jan. 20, 1880 at Newcastle, Del. Served as treasurer of Buick Motor Co., Flint, Mich., 1918-30 when he retired from business. Served as mayor of Wilmington, Del. 1935-41, resigning to accept office of governor. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 2, New Castle, Del., being raised July 2, 1902. In 1915 he was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Delaware. Member of St. John's Chapter, No. 4, R.A.M. of Wilmington and past high priest. Member of St. John's Commandery, No. 1, K.T., Wilmington and past commander. Member of Delaware Consistory, AASR (NJ) and 33°. Also member of Shrine, Tall Cedars, National Sojourners.
Bagby, Arthur P. (1794-1858) - Governor of Alabama, U.S. Senator, MM-ister to Russia. b. 1794 in Virginia. Settled in Alabama in 1818 and gained a reputation as a lawyer. Member of state legislature and speaker of the house in 1820-22. Governor of Alabama from 1837-41. Member of the U.S. Senate from 1841-48 and in 1848-49 was minister to Russia. Served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Alabama. d. Sept. 21, 1858.
Bagley, John J. (1832-1881) - Governor of Michigan. b. July 24, 1832 at Medina, N.Y. Emigrated in early life to Michigan and at age of 15 was employed in a tobacco factory in Detroit. He later began a tobacco business of his own and operated it with financial success until his death. He was elected governor in 1872 and again in 1874. His administration was marked by benefits to educational and charitable institutions. Member of Charity Lodge No. 94, Detroit, Mich. d. July 27, 1881.
Bailey, Carl E. (1894-1948) - Governor of Arkansas 1937-41. b. Oct. 8, 1894 at Bernie, Mo. Worked as a laborer, farmer, school teacher, accountant and began law practice in 1924. Served as attorney general of Arkansas 1935-37. Mason. d. Oct. 23, 1948. Received 32° at Little Rock, May 25, 1928.
Bailey, Frank M. - Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma, 1919-21. b. Sept. 27, 1876 at Winona, Miss. Began law practice at Chickasha, Okla. in 1901. Retired to private law practice in 1921. Trustee of Southern Methodist Univ. Active representative of M.E. church in jurisdictional and general conferences. Received certificate from Oklahoma Memorial Assn. in 1933 "for distinguished services to the State of Oklahoma." 32° AASR (SJ).
Bailey, George W. (1856-1909) - Justice of Supreme court of Colorado, 1905-09. b. March 8, 1856 at St. Louis, Mo. Admitted to bar 1885. d. 1909.
Bailey, John 0. - Judge, Supreme Court of Oregon from 1933. b. Sept. 26, 1880 at Grinnell, Iowa. Graduate Harvard School, 1906. Assistant atty. general of Oregon, 1915-20. Member house of representatives, 1925-29 and state senate 1929-33. Raised in Doric Lodge No. 132, Portland, Oregon about 1920. Member of Mt. Hood Chapter No. 50, R.A.M., Portland and Oregon Commandery No. 1.
Baker, Albert Z. - President of Rotary International (1955), president of the American Stockyards Assn. and chairman of board of Cleveland Union Stockyards Co. A member of Lakewood Lodge No. 601, Cleveland Chapter No. 148 R.A.M., Forest City Council No. 111, Forest City Commandery No. 40, K.T. and AI Koran Temple, all of Cleveland. In the AASR (N.J.) he received his 33° in 1945.
Baker, James C. (1879 – 1969) - Bishop, Methodist Church. b. June 2, 1879 at Sheldon, Ill. Received degrees from Illinois Wesleyan, Boston University and attended Cornell, College of the Pacific and Univ. of Southern Calif. Entered M.E. ministry in 1900 and was organizer and head of the Wesley Foundation Univ. of Ill. (the first Wesley Foundation in the country). Elected bishop of Methodist Episcopal Church in 1928 and assigned to supervision work in Japan, Korea and Manchuria. Later assigned to California area, and a delegate to General Conference in 1916, '20, '28 and Oxford Conference in 1947. President of Council of Methodist Bishops, 1948-49. Member of Acacia Fraternity at Univ. of Illinois. Raised in McLean Lodge No. 469, McLean, Ill. in 1906. 32° AASR at Bloomington, Ill.
Baker, Nathaniel B. (1818-1876) - Governor of New Hampshire. b. Sept. 29, 1818 in Henniker, N.H. Graduate of Harvard in 1839 and admitted to bar in 1842. Joint owner and editor of the New Hampshire Patriot for three years. Served two terms in state legislature starting in 1851 and was speaker of the house. Presidential elector in 1852, and in 1854 was elected governor of New Hampshire, serving until 1855. In 1856 he moved to Clinton, Iowa where he practiced law. Served in the Iowa legislature in 1859-61 when he was appointedadjutant general of Iowa, a position he held until his death on Sept. 11, 1876. A member of Western Star Lodge No. 100, Clinton, Iowa.
Baker, Samuel A. (1874-1933) - Governor of Missouri 1925-28. b. Patterson, Mo., Nov. 7, 1874. LL.D. Missouri Valley College. Teacher, principal and superintendent of schools in various Missouri cities from 1895 to 1919. State superintendent of schools of Missouri from 1919 to 1923. d. Sept. 16, 1933. Member of Jefferson Lodge No. 43, Jefferson City Chapter No. 34 and Prince of Peace Commandery No. 29, all of Jefferson City, Mo. He was grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Missouri in 1926 and delivered an oration on the support of the public school system and religious institutions.
Baldwin, Henry - Supreme Court Justice - January 18, 1830 to April 21, 1844.
In 1797 (aged 17) Baldwin received a doctor of laws degree from Yale University. He was elected to the United States Congress as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party in 1816, representing Pennsylvania, but resigned after six years because of his declining health and failing finances. He strongly supported the election of Andrew Jackson in the election of 1828. After the death of Bushrod Washington in 1829, Jackson nominated Baldwin to the Supreme Court.
Balfour, Lloyd (Died - 07/11/1973) - in 1913, the enterprising Lloyd Balfour saw a niche market developing as more and more young people chose to enter college 07/and join fraternities and sororities. He created commemorative rings and marketed them to fraternity and sorority members at colleges and universities throughout the United States. During World War I the company began creating rings for the military and continued to do so after the war was over. They added high school and college rings to their product list, as well as stationery, pins and more. When the price of gold rose in the 1970s, Balfour responded by developing rings made from alloys in order to keep prices down for its customers.
Barbour, Clarence A. (1867-1937) - President of Brown University 192636; Peddie School, 1929-36; Worcester Academy 1926-36. b. April 21, 1867. Ordained Baptist ministry in 1891. Professor of homiletics, Rochester Theolo. Seminary, 1915-29. President of Northern Baptist Convention, 191617. Author of several books on religion. He was grand chaplain of the G.L. of New York four years and of the G.L. of Rhode Island one year. d. Jan. 16, 1937.
Bartholdi, Frederic A. - (August 2, 1834 – October 4, 1904) French sculptor who designed the
Statue of Liberty
Basie, William "Count" - (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) - Orchestra
Bates, Frederick (1777-1825) - Second governor of Missouri, 1824-25. b. June 23, 1777 in Belmont, Va. of a Quaker family. Older brother of Edward Bates q.v. In 1797 he settled in Detroit, Mich. where he engaged in the mercantile business and served as postmaster, U.S. Receiver of Public Money and named in 1805 by Jefferson as the first U.S. Judge for the Territory of Michigan. He first appeared in St. Louis in 1806 where he was first recorder of the Board of Land Commissions. On May 7, 1807, Jefferson appointed him as the second secretary for the Territory of Louisiana, a position he held 13 years until the formation of the state government. As Territorial secretary he compiled the Laws of the Territory of Louisiana, which was the first book printed in the territory. He was probably made a Freemason in Michigan for he is listed as a charter member of St. Louis Lodge No. 111 (Pennsylvania charter) in 1809. He succeeded Meriwether Lewis as Master. He is also listed as a charter member of Missouri Lodge No. 1 (12 under Tenn.) when the Grand Lodge of Missouri was formed in 1821. He was elected grand master on Oct. 3, 1821 and turned it down for reasons of heavy business and poor health. This was probably true as he died Aug. 4, 1825 after having served as governor for less than a year.
Baylor, Robert E. B. - (1793-1874) was a Kentucky native who later moved to Alabama and then Texas. Baylor was also the nephew of Kentucky politician Jesse Bledsoe.
Baylor served in the military during the War of 1812. After the war he studied and then practiced law in Kentucky. He was briefly a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1819-1820 before he resigned and moved to Alabama.
In Alabama he practiced law, studied theology, was licensed to preach, and was ordained to the Baptist ministry. In 1824 he was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives. Baylor was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress (March 4, 1829-March 3, 1831) from Alabama's 2nd congressional district and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1830 to the Twenty-second Congress.
In 1839 Baylor moved to Texas where he founded Baylor University in 1845 and Baylor Female College. He was elected judge of the district and supreme courts of the Republic of Texas and was a member of the convention that framed the State constitution of Texas in 1845. Baylor was a district judge for twenty-five years. He is also credited with establishing the healthcare system that would eventually become the Baylor network of hospitals.
Beard, Daniel Carter - "Uncle Dan" Beard (June 21, 1850– June 11, 1941) was an American illustrator, author, and social reformer who founded the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905, which Beard later merged with the Boy Scouts of America (BSA).
Beaumont, William (1796-1853) - Pioneer physician who laid the foundations for the present medical knowledge of how the human stomach functions. b. in Lebanon, Conn. He was a surgeon with the U.S. Army and when stationed at Mackinac, Mich. in 1822, he was called to treat a young Canadian half-breed named Alexis St. Martin, who had been wounded in the stomach by the accidental discharge of a gun in the store of the American Fur Co. The opening in the stomach failed to close and while alleviating the boy's suffering, Beaumont studied his stomach through this opening, noting the structure and action of gastric juices. He noted that when St. Martin was upset by fear or anger the secretions of acid in his stomach would increase. He observed the effects of alcohol and time required for various foods to digest. His work Experiments and Observations of the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion (1833) is considered the greatest single contribution ever made to the knowledge of gastric digestion. Although he did not expect St. Martin to live more than 36 hours, the youth survived Beaumont by many years. Beaumont was raised in Harmony Lodge, Champlain, N.Y. holding a certificate from that lodge dated April 11, 1820. He also held a certificate dated April 3, 1820 from the "Mark Master Masons Lodge in the town of Plattsburg, N.Y." A third certificate was issued to him by Plattsburgh Chapter No. 39, N.Y. dated April 3, 1820, which vouched for him as a Royal Arch Mason. After resigning from the Army, he practiced at St. Louis, Mo. where he died on April 25, 1853. In 1954 the Michigan State Medical Society sponsored the reconstruction of the retail store of the American Fur Co. on Mackinac Island where St. Martin was shot, as a memorial to Beaumont. Beaumont Ave. in St. Louis is named for him.
Bell, Lawrence (April 5, 1894 - October 20, 1956) - an American industrialist and founder of Bell Aircraft Corporation.
Bellamy, Rev. Francis (May 18, 1855 - August 28, 1931) - an American Baptist minister who wrote the original Pledge of Allegiance in 1892.
Benedict, William L. - Surgeon, president of staff of Mayo Clinic 193234. b. Feb. 13, 1885 at Springport, Ind. Received M.D. degree at University of Michigan in 1912. In private practice until 1917 when he went with the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. as head of section of Ophthalmology. Member of Rochester Lodge No. 21 and Halcyon Chapter No. 8, R.A.M., both of Rochester, Minn.
Benes, Eduard (1884-1948) - President of Czechoslovakia. Educated in universities of Prague, Paris, and Dujon. A disciple of Masaryk, he worked in Paris with him from 1915-19 in Czech nationalist movement. He was Czech delegate at peace conference in 1919-20 and first foreign minister of Czechoslovakia from 1918-35 and prime minister from 1921-22. He was co-founder of the Little Entente. Elected president of Czechoslovakia in 1935, he resigned in October, 1938 on German occupation of Sudetenland. Was appointed professor of sociology at the University of Chicago in 1939. President of the Czechoslovak government in exile with headquarters in England from 1939-45, returning to Czechoslovakia in March, 1945 and was re-elected president in 1946. Buried in the garden of his country home at Sezimovo Usti, September 10, 1948, with both Catholic and Protestant services. When elected President of Czechoslovakia, he withdrew from Masonic activities, but remained interested in the fraternity and rendered his full moral and financial support in London where the National Grand Lodge of Czechoslovakia in Exile was established as well as the Comenius in Exile Lodge. Benes was initiated in the Jan Amos Komensky Lodge No. 1 of Prague (the oldest modern Czechoslovak lodge) about 1924-25 and he later became a member of Pravda Vitezi (Truth Shall Prevail) Lodge of Prague, being passed and raised in the latter about 1927-28.
Bennett, Viscount R.B. - Prime Minister
of Canada 1930-35
Berlin, Irving (May 11, 1888 – September 22, 1989) - a Russian-born naturalized American composer and lyricist, and one of the most prolific American songwriters in history.
Black, Hugo Lafayette (February 27, 1886–September 25, 1971) - an American politician and jurist. A member of the Democratic Party, Black represented the state of Alabama in the United States Senate from 1926 to 1937, and served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1937 to 1971. Widely regarded as one of the most influential Supreme Court justices in the 20th century, he was nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Black, Lloyd L. - Federal Judge. b. March 15, 1889 at Leavenworth, Kans. Received A.B. (cum laude) and LL.B. from Univ. of Washington and admitted to Washington bar in 1911. Associated with father in firm Black & Black 1913-32, served as prosecuting attorney, attorney for Port of Everett and special counsel for City of Everett as well as judge of superior court. Was appointed U.S. Judge for Western District of Washington in 1949 and Eastern and Western Districts in 1940. Mason.
Blair, Jr., John - Supreme Court Justice
Blake, James Herbert "Eubie" -
(February 7, 1887 – February 12, 1983) - a composer, lyricist, and pianist of ragtime, jazz, and popular music.
Blatchford, Samuel (March 9, 1820–July 7, 1893) - an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from April 3, 1882 until his death.
Bolivar, Simon (1783-1830) - The "George Washington" of South America, who in 20 years of warfare liberated from Spanish tyranny the area which is now Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. b. in Caracas, Venezuela. He joined Freemasonry in Cadiz, Spain and received the Scottish Rite degrees in Paris and was knighted in a Commandery of Knights Templar in France in 1807. While on a diplomatic mission to London in 1810 he was active in Freemasonry in that country. He founded and served as master of Protectora de las Vertudes Lodge No. 1 in Venezuela and in 1824 founded the Lodge Order and Liberty No. 2 in Peru. In 1828, when the anti-Masonic wave was sweeping over the world, Bolivar forbade meetings of Masons in Venezuela. His Scottish Rite collar and apron are on exhibit in the New York Grand Lodge museum. Catholic born, he broke away from the church when, in his liberation movement, he found that the clerics who ruled with an iron hand under the Spanish administration were among his chief opponents. On his death bed in 1830 he returned to Catholicism for spiritual aid. Nevertheless it was as a Freemason that he performed the deeds which established him as one of the greatest liberators of the world.
Bonaparte, Jerome ( 1784 - 1860) Brother of Napoleon I. Nov. 15, 1784. Served as lieutenant on an expedition to Haiti in 1803 and took refuge from British in United States where in 1803 he married Elizabeth Patterson of Baltimore. The marriage was annulled in 1805 as Napoleon did not recognize it. He later married Princess Catherine of Wurttemberg. He was made King of Westphalia in 1807 by Napoleon and was afterwards known as the Duc de Monfort. At Napoleon's defeat in 1814, he settled in Florence, returning to France in 1848; was made a Marshal of France in 1850 and served as president of the Senate. He was grand master of the Grand Orient of Westphalia. d. June 24, 1860.
Bonaparte, Joseph (1768-1844) - Eldest of the four brothers of Napoleon who were all Freemasons. b. Jan. 7, 1768. He was a member of the Council of Five Hundred in 1798 and councilor of state in 1799. Napoleon made him King of Naples from 1806-08 and King of Spain from 1803-13. From 1815-32, following Napoleon's defeat he lived in the United States under the name of Comte de Survilliers. He was made a Freemason at the Tuilleries in April, 1805 by a commission composed of "Bros. Cambaceres, Kellerman, Hugh Maret and several others" and in the same year was appointed as grand master of the Grand Orient of France by Napoleon. d. July 28, 1844.
Bonaparte, Louis (1778-1846) - Brother of Napoleon I and King of Holland. b. Sept. 2, 1778. Made King of Holland in 1806 by Napoleon, abdicating in 1810, when he assumed the title of Comte de St. Leu. In 1805 he was governor of Paris, and when his brother, Joseph was named grand master of the Grand Orient of France in 1805, he was named deputy grand master. d. July 25, 1846. Father of Emperor Napoleon III.
Bonaparte, Lucien (1775-1840) Brother of Napoleon I and a member of the Grand Orient of France. As president of the Council of Five Hundred in 1799, he aided Napoleon in securing dictatorship of France. He was named ambassador to Madrid in 1800 and negotiated a treaty between Spain and Portugal in 1801, but in 1810 was exiled for opposing Napoleon's policies and while on way to United States was captured by the English and held as prisoner of state in England. In 1814 he was given the title of Prince of Canino. b. May 21, 1775. d. June 29, 1840.
Bonaparte, Napoleon - See Napoleon I.
Bondurant, William W. - Educator and college president. b. Rice, Va. Professor of Latin. President of Daniel Baker College, Brownwood, Texas, 1915-16. Superintendent of Texas Military Institute from 1926-47 (emeritus since 1952). Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner.
Booth, Rev. William (April 10, 1829 – August 20, 1912) - British Methodist preacher who founded The Salvation Army and became the first General (1878-1912). The Christian movement, with a quasi-military structure and government - but with no physical weaponry, founded in 1865 has spread from London, England, to many parts of the world and is known for being one of the largest distributors of humanitarian aid.
Borden, Sir Robert L. - Prime Minister
of Canada 1911-1920
Borglum, Gutzon & Lincoln - Father
and Son who carved Mt. Rushmore
(born Ermes Effron Borgnino -January 24, 1917) - Academy Award-winning actor.
Botha, Pik - Former Foreign Minister
of South Africa
Bowell, Sir Mackenzie - Prime Minister
of Canada 1894-96
Bowie, James (1796-1836) - Killed at the Battle of the Alamo
Bradley, Omar N. - General of the Army (5-star). b. Feb. 12, 1893 at Clark, Mo. Graduated from West Point in 1915; Infantry School, 1925; Command and General Staff School, 1929; and Army War College, 1934. He has since received honorary LL.B. and other degrees from 20 institutions of higher learning. Advanced from 2nd lieut. in 1915 to brigadier general, 1941; major general, 1942; lieut. general, 1943; general, 1945 and general of the army, 1950. In WW2 he commanded the 2nd Corps in the Northern Tunisian and Sicilian campaigns; the 1st U.S. Army in the Normandy campaign and the 12th Army Group in France, Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg and Germany. He was chief of staff, U.S. Army 1948-49 and chairman U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, 194953. In 1945-47 he was administrator of Veterans Affairs. Since 1953 he has been chairman of the board of Bulova Research and Development Labs., Inc. He was raised in West Point Lodge No. 877, Highland Falls, N.Y. in 1923.
Bradley, Thomas - Former mayor of Los
Brandon, Rodney H. - Organizer of Loyal Order of the Moose. b. Sept. 21, 1881 at Monroe Co., Ind. One of the founders of the Loyal Order of the Moose in 1906 and an official in it until 1929. In 1913 he supervised the construction of Mooseheart and established Moosehaven, Fla. in 1922. Organizer of the Progressive Party in Indiana in 1912, moving to Illinois in 1913 where he was delegate to state constitutional convention in 1919. From 1929-33 he was director of Department of Public Welfare of Ill. In 1926 he was special investigator for U.S. of child welfare conditions in Europe. Lecturer in criminology, social hygiene and medical jurisprudence, Univ. of Illinois since 1933. Mason.
Brant, Joseph - Chief of the Mohawks
1742 - 1807
Briggs, Frank P. - U.S. Senator from Missouri and newspaper owner. b. Feb. 25, 1894 at Armstrong, Mo. Graduate of Univ. of Missouri 1914. Edited newspapers in Fayette, Moberly, Trenton, Mo. and Shawnee, Okla. Editor and owner of the Macon Chronicle-Herald (Mo.) since 1924. Member of Missouri state senate from 1933 to 1945, serving as president 1941-45. Appointed U.S. Senator from Mo. Jan. 18, 1945 to fill unexpired term of Harry S. Truman q.v. by Governor Donnelly q.v. Member of Missouri Conservation Commission since 1947. Past grand high priest of the Grand Chapter Royal Arch Masons of Missouri and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri (1957). Raised in Fayette Lodge No. 47, Fayette, Mo. on Aug. 17, 1915; later a member of Trenton Lodge No. 111, Trenton, Mo. (1917-24) and then a member of Censer Lodge No. 172, Macon. Member of Macon Chapter No. 22, R.A.M. and past high priest; Centralia Council No. 34, R. & S.M. and past master, and Emmanuel Commandery No. 7, Macon. Ararat Shrine Temple of Kansas City.
Britigney, Marquis de - Served as a colonel in the American Revolution. Member of St. Johns Lodge No. 3, New Bern, North Carolina.
Broadhead, James 0. - First president of the American Bar Association, congressman and diplomat. When the American Bar Association was founded in 1878, James 0. Broadhead of St. Louis was chosen its first president. His original membership is not known, but at his death in 1898, he was a member of Tuscan Lodge No. 360 of St. Louis, Mo.
William A. - Laid the foundation stone of the Statue of Liberty in New York harbor on August 5, 1884 as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New York.
Broers, Samuel - President Firestone International Co. b. Jan. 1, 1892 in Amsterdam, Holland, coming to the U.S. in 1909. Began career as shipping clerk in 1910 and started with Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Akron, Ohio as an export clerk in 1914, rising through field manager, export manager, and in charge of all overseas operations since 1934. Raised in Adoniram Lodge No. 517, Akron, Ohio in 1922.
Bromwell, Henry P. H. (1823-1903) - Masonic author. b. Aug. 26, 1823 in Baltimore Co., Md. Moved to Illinois, studied law and became judge of the circuit court of Fayette Co. He later edited a newspaper and served in the state legislature from 1865-69. A member of the Illinois Constitutional Convention in 1869. He was raised in Temperance Lodge No. 16, Vandalia, Ill. in 1854, master in 1856 and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1864. Was grand orator of the grand lodge four times; high priest of Edgar Chapter No. 32, R.A.M. in 1858, knighted in Elwood Commandery No. 6, 1861 and received the AASR from A. G. Mackey in 1877. Moved to Colorado and became active in the Grand Lodge of Colorado, affiliating with Denver Lodge No. 5. Grand orator of Colorado in 1874. Author of the ponderous volume Restorations of Masonic Geometry and Symbolism. d. Jan. 9, 1903.
Brown, Arthur Jason - WWI Canadian pilot bearing the distinction of shooting down German pilot Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron.
Buchanan, James - President of the U.S.
Burbank, Luther (March 7, 1849 – April 11, 1926) - was an American botanist, horticulturist and a pioneer in agricultural science.
He developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants over his 55-year career. Burbank's varied creations included fruits, flowers, grains, grasses, and vegetables. He developed a spineless cactus (useful for cattle-feed) and the plumcot.
Burnett, David Gouverneur. -
David Gouverneur Burnet (April 14, 1788 – December 5, 1870) - an early politician within the short-lived Republic of Texas, serving as Interim President (1836 and again in 1841), Vice-President (1839-41), & Secretary of State (1846) for the new state of Texas after it was annexed to the United States of America.
Burns, Conrad Ray (born January 25, 1935) - a former United States Senator from Montana. He was only the second Republican to represent Montana in the Senate since the passage in 1913 of the Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution and is the longest-serving Republican senator in Montana history.
Burns, Robert (January 1759 – 21 July 1796) - (also known as Rabbie Burns, Scotland's favourite son, the Ploughman Poet, the Bard of Ayrshire and in Scotland as simply The Bard) was a poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best-known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a 'light' Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these pieces, his political or civil commentary is often at its most blunt.
Burton, Harold Hitz (June 22, 1888 – October 28, 1964) - served as the 45th mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, a member of the United States Senate and later Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was known as a dispassionate jurist who prized equal justice under the law.
Byrd, Robert - U.S. Senator
Byrd, Admiral Richard Evelyn (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) - a pioneering American polar explorer, famous aviator and a recipient of the Medal of Honor.
Byrnes, James F. (May 2, 1879 – April 9, 1972) - an American statesman from the state of South Carolina. One of very few politicians to be active in all three branches of the federal government while also being active in state government.
Cain, Michael (Born: 14 March 1933)
Calvo, Father Francisco - Catholic Priest
who started Freemasonry in Costa Rica
Campbell, Sir Malcolm (11 March 1885 – 31 December 1948) - Land speed record
Carlson, Curtis L. (Died 1999) Founded the Carlson Companies in 1938 as the Gold Bond Trading Company who used a $55 loan to start his venture. Founded during the Great Depression, Carlson used "Gold Bond Stamps", a consumer loyalty program based on trading stamps, to provided consumer incentive for grocery stores.
Carnahan, Melvin Eugene - Governor of Missouri - (February 11, 1934, Birch Tree, Missouri – October 17, 2000, Goldman, Missouri) was an American politician who was Governor (D) of Missouri from 1993 to 2000. He died in a plane crash on the Pevely and Hillsboro, Missouri, border during a campaign for the U.S. Senate, after which he was elected posthumously to the office.
Carson, Christopher "Kit" (December 24, 1809 – May 23, 1868)
- Frontiersman, scout and explorer.
Casanova, Giacomo (April 2, 1725 – June 4, 1798) - Italian Adventurer, writer
His main book Histoire de ma vie (History of My Life), part autobiography and part memoir, is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century.
Catton, John - Supreme Court Justice
Chagall, Marc - (7 July 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Russian-Belarusian-French painter of Jewish origin who was born in Belarus
Chrysler, Walter Percy - born in Wamego, Kansas, (1875-1940) -
The American manufacturer Walter Percy Chrysler (1875-1940) was a self-trained engineer who formed one of the three major automobile companies in the United States.
Churchill, Sir Winston -
(30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II.
Citroen, Andre -
(February 5, 1878-July 3, 1935) was a French entrepreneur of Dutch and Polish descent. He is remembered chiefly for the make of car named after him, but also for his application of double helical gears.
Clark, Roy - Country Western Star -
(born 15 April 1933, Meherrin, Virginia, United States)
Clark, Thomas C. - Supreme Court Justice
Clark, William -
(August 1, 1770 – September 1, 1838) was an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor who, with Meriwether Lewis, led the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Clarke, John H. - Supreme Court Justice
Clemens, Samuel Langhorn - Mark Twain -
(November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. Twain is most noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which has since been called the Great American Novel, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He is also known for his quotations. During his lifetime, Twain became a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists and European royalty.
Twain enjoyed immense public popularity, and his keen wit and incisive satire earned him praise from both critics and peers. American author William Faulkner called Twain "the father of American literature."
Cobb, Tyrus Raymond "Ty" -
(December 18, 1886 – July 17, 1961) Royston Lodge No.426 Detroit, MI, nicknamed "The Georgia Peach," was a Hall of Fame baseball player and is regarded by historians and journalists as the best player of the dead-ball era and as one of the greatest players of all time. Cobb also received the most votes of any player on the 1936 inaugural Hall of Fame Ballot.
Cody, "Buffalo Bill" William -
(February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was an American soldier, bison hunter and showman. He was born in the Iowa Territory (now the American state of Iowa), near Le Claire. He was one of the most colorful figures of the Old West, and mostly famous for the shows he organized with cowboy themes. Buffalo Bill received the Medal of Honor in 1872.
Cohan, George Michael -
(July 3, 1878 – November 5, 1942) was a United States entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, director, and producer of Irish descent. Known as "the man who owned Broadway" in the decade before World War I, he is considered the father of American musical comedy.
Coles, Nathaniel Adams - (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was a popular American jazz singer-songwriter and pianist.
Collodi, Carlo (pen name of Carlo Lorenzini) -
(November 24, 1826 – October 26, 1890), better known by the pen name C. Collodi, was a Florentine children's writer known for the world-renowned fairy tale The Adventures of Pinocchio.
Colt, Samuel -
(born Hartford, Connecticut July 19, 1814 - died Hartford, Connecticut January 10, 1862) was an American inventor and industrialist. He was the founder of the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company (now known as Colt's Manufacturing Company), and is widely credited with popularizing the revolver gun. Colt's innovative contributions to industry have been described by arms historian James E. Serven as "events which shaped the destiny of American Firearms.
Combs, Earle Bryan - Baseball Hall of
Fame - (May 14, 1899 – July 21, 1976) was an American center fielder in professional baseball whose whole career was spent playing for the New York Yankees (1924-1935). Combs played nearly his entire career batting leadoff in front of and playing in the same outfield as Babe Ruth.
Cooper Jr., Leroy Gordon -
(6 March 1927 – 4 October 2004) was an American astronaut. Cooper was one of the seven original astronauts in Project Mercury, the first manned-space effort by the United States. He flew the longest spaceflight of the Mercury project, was the first American to sleep in orbit and has been noted as the last American to fly alone in earth orbit thus far.
Crockett, Colonel David Stern -
(August 17, 1786 – March 6, 1836) was a celebrated 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician; referred to in popular culture as Davy Crockett and often by the popular title "King of the Wild Frontier." He represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives, served in the Texas Revolution, and died at the age of 49 at the Battle of the Alamo. His nickname was the stuff of legend, but in life he shunned the title "Davy" and referred to himself exclusively as "David."[
Cushing, William - Supreme Court Justice
Dempsey, Jack -
(June 24, 1895 – May 31, 1983) Kenwood Lodge No.800 Chicago, IL,
was an American boxer who held the world heavyweight title from 1919 to 1926. Dempsey's aggressive style and punching power made him one of the most popular boxers in history. Many of his fights set financial and attendance records.
DeMille, Cecil B. -
(August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was a successful Academy Award-winning American filmmaker in the first half of the 20th century, known for the flamboyance and showmanship of his movies.
Desaguliers, John Theophilus -
(pronounced day-za-güly-ay) (13 March 1683 – 29 February 1744) was a natural philosopher born in France. He was a member of the Royal Society of London beginning 29 July 1714. He was presented with the Royal Society's highest honour, the Copley Medal, in 1734, 1736 and 1741, the 1741 award being for his "discovery of the properties of Electricity". He studied at Oxford, became experimental assistant to Sir Isaac Newton, and later popularized Newtonian theories and their practical applications. He invented the planetarium.
Devanter, Willis Van - Supreme Court
Diefenbaker, John G. - Prime Minister
of Canada 1957-63
Disney, Walter Elias -
(December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) was a multiple Academy Award-winning American film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, animator, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. Disney is notable as one of the most influential and innovative figures in the field of entertainment during the twentieth century. As the co-founder (with his brother Roy O. Disney) of Walt Disney Productions, Disney became one of the best-known motion picture producers in the world. The corporation he co-founded, now known as The Walt Disney Company, today has annual revenues of approximately U.S. $35 billion.
Dole, Robert Joseph -
(born July 22, 1923) is an attorney and retired United States Senator from Kansas from 1969–1996, serving part of that time as United States Senate Majority Leader, where he set a record as the longest-serving Republican leader. He was the Republican nominee in the 1996 U.S. Presidential election and the Republican vice presidential nominee in the 1976 U.S. Presidential election. Dole is special counsel at the Washington, D.C., law firm of Alston & Bird. In 2007, President George W. Bush appointed Dole as a co-chair of the commission to investigate problems at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, along with Donna Shalala.
Doolittle, General James -
USAF (December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was an American aviation pioneer. Doolittle served as a general in the United States Army Air Forces during the Second World War, after first earning the Medal of Honor as commander of the Doolittle Raid while a lieutenant colonel.
Douglas, William O. - Supreme Court
Dow, William H. - Dow Chemical Co.
Doyle, Sir Arthor Conan - Writer -
(22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. He was a prolific writer whose other works include science fiction stories, historical novels, plays and romances, poetry, and non-fiction.
Drake, Edwin L -
(March 29, 1819 – November 9, 1880), also known as Colonel Drake, was an American oil driller, popularly credited with being the first to drill for oil in the United States.
DuBois, W.E.B. - Educator/scholar - (February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an African American civil rights activist, public intellectual, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. He became a naturalized citizen of Ghana in 1963 at the age of 95.
Dunant, Jean Henri - (May 8, 1828 – October 30, 1910), aka Henry Dunant or Henri Dunant, was a Swiss businessman and social activist. During a business trip in 1859, he was witness to the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino in modern day Italy. He recorded his memories and experiences in the book "A Memory of Solferino" which became the inspiration for the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1863. The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on Dunant's ideas and in 1901 he received the first Nobel Peace Prize together with Frédéric Passy.
Edward VII - (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. He was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which was renamed the House of Windsor by his son, George V.
Edward VIII -
(Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of Great Britain, Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from the death of his father, George V (1910–36), on 20 January 1936, until his abdication on 11 December 1936. He was the second monarch of the House of Windsor, his father having changed the name of the Royal house from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in 1917.
Donn Fulton Eisele - Astronaut - (June 23, 1930 – December 2, 1987) (Luthor B. Turner Lodge No. 732, Columbus, Ohio) was a United States Air Force test pilot and later a NASA astronaut. He occupied the command module pilot seat during the flight of Apollo 7 in 1968. After retiring from both NASA and the Air Force, he became the United States Peace Corps country director for Thailand, before moving into private business.
Ellery, William - 1 of 9 Masonic signers
of the Declaration of Independance
Ellington, Duke - (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) Composer, Arranger
Ellsworth, Oliver - Supreme Court Justice
Evers, Medger Wiley - (July 2, 1925 – June 12, 1963) Civil rights leader
Ervin Jr, Samual J. - (1896 - 1985) - U. S. Senator
- headed "Watergate" committee
Faber, Eberhard -
(sometimes Johann Eberhard Faber) (December 6, 1822 – March 2, 1879), was born in Stein, Bavaria, Germany. He is best known as the founder of the Eberhard Faber company and the first person to establish a large scale pencil factory in the U.S..
Fairbanks, Douglas - (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer, who became noted for his swashbuckling roles in silent films such as The Black Pirate (1926). At one point, Fairbanks was also known as "The King of Hollywood"
Field, Stephen J. - Supreme Court Justice
Fields, W.C. -
(January 29, 1880 – December 25, 1946) was an American juggler, comedian, and actor. Fields created one of the great American comic personas of the first half of the 20th century
Fisher, Geoffrey - (May 5, 1887 – September 15, 1972) was Archbishop of Canterbury 1945 to 1961.
Fitch, John -
(January 21, 1743 – July 2, 1798) was an American inventor, clockmaker, and bronzesmith who built the first recorded steam powered ship in the United States.
Fleming, Dr. Walton Millard (Born: 1838
) - Collaborated with actor William Florence in the creation of the Ancient Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America.
Fleming, Sir Alexander - Discovered
Florence, William J. (Born - July 26, 1831)
- [Stage name] born: William Jermyn Conlin - Noted actor of the era, collaborated with Dr. Walton Fleming in the creation of the Ancient Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America.
Fleming, Sir Alexander - Discovered
Ford, Gerald R. - President of the U.S.
Ford, Henry -
(July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry.
Forten, James - (September 2, 1766–March 4, 1842) was an African-American abolitionist and wealthy businessman.
Fortune, Timothy Thomas -
(October 3, 1856 – June 2, 1928) was an orator, civil rights leader, journalist, writer, editor and publisher. He was born during slavery in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida to Emanuel and Sarah Jane Fortune.
Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790) - 1 of 13 Masonic signers of Constitution
of the U.S. (January 17, 1706 [O.S. January 6, 1705] – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman and diplomat.
Fredrik, Adolph (1710-1771) King of Sweden 1751-1771. Was master of a Stockholm lodge and received the title of Protector of Swedish Freemasonry in 1762.
Freeman, Orville Lothrop -
(May 9, 1918 – February 20, 2003) was an American Democratic politician who served as the 29th Governor of Minnesota from January 5, 1955 to January 2, 1961, and as the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from 1961 to 1969 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He was one of the founding members of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party and strongly influential in the merger of the pre-DFL Minnesota Democratic and Farmer-Labor Parties.
Gable, Clark -
(February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an iconic American actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Gable seventh among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time.
Garfield, James A. - President of the
Garibaldi, Giuseppe -
(July 4, 1807 – June 2, 1882) was an Italian military and political leader. In his twenties, he joined the Carbonari Italian patriot revolutionaries, and had to flee Italy after a failed insurrection. He then contributed to the independence of Uruguay, leading the Italian Legion in the Uruguayan Civil War, and afterwards returned to Italy as a commander in the conflicts of the Risorgimento. Raised to Master Mason in Lodge Les Amis de la Patrie, Montevideo, South America about 1844 and later affiliated with Tomkins Lodge #471, Stapleton, New York, and made 33 degree, Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the 33rd Degree for Italy in 1868.
Gatling, Dr. Richard Jordan -
(September 12, 1818 – February 26, 1903) was an American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, the first successful machine gun.
George VI -
(Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India (until 1947) and the last King of Ireland (until 1949).
Gibbon, Edward - Writer -
(April 27, 1737 – January 16, 1794) was an English historian and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788.
Gilbert, Sir William S. - Was the libretis
for "Pirates of Penzance"
Gillette, King C. -
(January 5, 1855 – July 9, 1932) was an American businessman, popularly known as the inventor of the safety razor. While Gillette did improve the design of the safety razor (patent US775134), his true invention was an inexpensive, high profit-margin stamped steel disposable blade and a unique business model that later became known as freebie marketing. This beat out competitors and became the most popular razor of its time.
Glenn, John H. -
(born July 18, 1921, in Cambridge, Ohio) (Clear Lake Lodge No. 1417, Seabrook, Texas) is a former United States Senator who first rose to fame as the first American to orbit the Earth as an astronaut in NASA's Mercury program. Glenn began his career as a Marine Corps fighter pilot before joining the Mercury Seven, NASA's original astronaut group. He orbited the Earth aboard Friendship 7 in 1962. After retiring from NASA, he served in the Senate from 1974 to 1999, serving as a Democrat and representing the state of Ohio.
Godfrey, Arthur -
(August 31, 1903 – March 16, 1983) Raised: 1937 Acacia Lodge No. 18, Washington, DC, was an
American variety show host, Arthur Godfrey, ranks as one of the important stars of the early years of American television.
A radio announcer and entertainer for WFBR in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1930, he became an announcer for NBC in Washington, D.C. from 1930 to 1934 before joining CBS Radio in 1945 as host of Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts. He then hosted Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts on CBS television from 1948 to 1958 while also hosting Arthur Godfrey and His Friends from 1949 to 1959. He returned to national radio as host of Arthur Godfrey Time from 1960 to 1972. Godfrey also starred in the films Four For Texas (1963), The Glass Bottom Boat (1966) and Where Angels Go... Trouble Follows (1968).
Politically conservative, he became a vocal environmentalist in later years as a member of the ASCAP, the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, and the Citizen's Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality.
Goldwater, Barry -
(January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–87) and the Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election. He was a Major General in the U.S. Air Force Reserves. He was also referred to as "Mr. Conservative".
Gompers, Samuel -
(January 27, 1850 - December 13, 1924) was an American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and held the position as president of the organization for all but one year from 1886 until he died in 1924.
Grassley, Charles -
(born September 17, 1933) is the senior United States Senator from Iowa. He is a member of the Republican Party. He was chairman of the Finance Committee from January to June 2001, and from January 2003 to December 2006 and currently serves as the committee's Ranking Member.
Gray, Harold Lincoln -
(January 20, 1894 - May 10, 1968)
Creator of Little Orphan Annie which first appeared on August 5, 1924, in the New York Daily News and later in the Chicago Tribune.
Gris, Juan - Spanish artist -
José Victoriano González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor who lived and worked in France most of his life. His works are closely connected to the emergence of an innovative artistic genre—Cubism.
Grissom, Virgil Ivan - Astronaut - (Mitchell Lodge No. 228, Mitchell, Indiana) more widely known as Gus Grissom, (April 3, 1926 – January 27, 1967) was one of the original NASA Project Mercury astronauts and a United States Air Force pilot. He was the second American to fly in space. Grissom was killed along with fellow astronauts Ed White and Roger Chaffee during a training exercise and pre-launch test for the Apollo 1 mission at the Kennedy Space Center. He was a recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross and, posthumously, the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.
Grock - (January 10, 1880, Reconvilier, Switzerland - July 14, 1959, Imperia, Italy), original name Charles Adrien Wettach, was a Swiss circus and music-hall clown whose blunders with the piano and the violin became proverbial.
Guillotin, Dr. Joseph Ignace -
(May 28, 1738 – March 26, 1814) was a French physician who proposed on October 10, 1789 the use of a mechanical device to carry out death penalties in France. While he did not invent the guillotine, his name became an eponym for it.
Hall, Prince -
c.1738 – December 4, 1807) is considered the founder of "Black Freemasonry" in the United States, known today as Prince Hall Freemasonry.
Haley, Alex - (August 11, 1921–February 10, 1992) American writer best known as the author of Roots.
Hamilton, Alexander (1757-1804) Not known where he was raised. He attended with Brother George Washington the celebration of St. John the Evangelist Day by American Union Lodge at Morristown, New Jersey December 27, 1779 [This was a traveling lodge during the Revolution and met wherever the fortunes of war carried its soldier members]. Served George Washington as a major-general and active head of the army in 1798 until he was honorably discharge in 1800.
Hampton, Lionel - (April 20, 1908–August 31, 2002), was an American jazz vibraphonist, percussionist, bandleader and actor.
Hancock, John - 1 of 9 Masonic signers
of Declaration of Independance -
(January 23 [O.S. January 12] 1737– October 8, 1793) was a Massachusetts merchant and prominent patriot of the American Revolution. He served as President of the Second Continental Congress and was the first Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, but is most famous for his prominent signature on the United States Declaration of Independence.
Handel, George Fredrick -
(Friday, 23 February 1685 – Saturday, 14 April 1759) was a German-born Baroque composer who is famous for his operas, oratorios and concerti grossi. Born as Georg Friedrich Händel in Halle, he spent most of his adult life in England, becoming a subject of the British crown on 22 January 1727. His most famous works are Messiah, an oratorio set to texts from the King James Bible; Water Music; and Music for the Royal Fireworks. Strongly influenced by the techniques of the great composers of the Italian Baroque and the English composer Henry Purcell, his music was known to many significant composers who came after him, including Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.
Handy, William C. - (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was a blues composer and musician, often known as the "Father of the Blues".
Harding, Warren G. - President of the
Hardy, Oliver - (born Oliver Norvell Hardy; January 18, 1892 – August 7, 1957) was an American comic actor, famous as the second half of Laurel and Hardy, the classic double act that began in the era of silent films and lasted nearly 40 years. Hardy’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located at 1500 Vine Street, Hollywood, California.
Harlan, John M. - Supreme Court Justice
Harvey, Paul - (born September 4, 1918) better known as Paul Harvey, is an American radio broadcaster for the ABC Radio Networks. He broadcasts News and Comment on weekday mornings and mid-days, and at noon on Saturdays, as well as his famous The Rest of the Story segments. His listening audience is estimated at 22 million people a week.
Hatfield, Mark Odom - (born July 12, 1922) is an American politician and educator from the state of Oregon. A Republican, he served for 30 years as a United States Senator from Oregon, and also as Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee. A native Oregonian, he served in the United States Navy in the Pacific Theater during World War II after graduating from Willamette University. After the war he earned a graduate degree from Stanford University before returning to Oregon and Willamette as a professor.
Hawkins, Augustus F. - (August 31, 1907 – November 10, 2007) was a prominent African American Democratic Party politician and a figure in the history of Civil Rights and Organized Labor. He served as the first African American from California in the United States Congress, where he sponsored the Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment Act. Hawkins was very fair-skinned and was often confused for a person of European ancestry.
Haydn, Franz Joseph F. (March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was one of the most prominent composers of the classical period, and is called by some the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".
A life-long resident of Austria, Haydn spent most of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Hungarian Esterházy family on their remote estate. Isolated from other composers and trends in music until the later part of his long life, he was, as he put it, "forced to become original".
Joseph Haydn was the brother of Michael Haydn, himself a highly regarded composer, and Johann Evangelist Haydn, a tenor.
Hedges, Cornelius - "Father"
of Yellowstone National Park - Born in Epping, N.H., in May 1839; died in Palo Alto, Calif., May 18, 1918. A member of the 1869 Folsom party of Yellowstone explorers, coauthor of the first magazine article descriptive of the Yellowstone region, and proponent of a suggestion (the second such known to have been made) for reservation of the area and its wonders in the public interest.
Helms Jr., Jesse Alexander -
(born October 18, 1921) is a former five-term Republican U.S. Senator from North Carolina, and a former chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Henson, Josiah - Inspired the novel
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" -(June 15, 1789 – May 5, 1883) was born into slavery in Charles County, Maryland. He escaped to Ontario, Canada in 1830, and founded a settlement and laborer's school for other fugitive slaves at Dawn, near Dresden in Kent County.
Henson, Matthew (August 8, 1866 – March 9, 1955) was an African-American explorer and associate of Robert Peary; during various expeditions, the most famous being a 1909 expedition which claimed to be the first to reach the Geographic North Pole.
Hilton, Charles C. - American Hotelier
Hoban, James - was born in Desart, near Callan, County Kilkenny, Ireland. Hoban was raised on the estate of the Earl of Desart at Cuffesgrange, Co Kilkenny where he learned carpentry skills. He studied architecture at the Royal Dublin Society.
Following the American Revolutionary War, Hoban emigrated to the United States, and established himself as an architect in Philadelphia in 1781. Hoban went to South Carolina in 1792, where he designed numerous buildings including the South Carolina statehouse in Columbia.
In 1792, Hoban won the competition to design the presidential mansion, later known as the The White House.
Hoban was also one of the supervising architects who served on the Capitol, carrying out the design of Dr. William Thornton.
Hoban lived the rest of his life in Washington, D.C., where he worked on other public buildings and government projects, including roads and bridges. He also designed Rossenarra House near the village of Kilmoganny in Kilkenny, Ireland in 1824.
Hoban died in Washington, D.C. on December 8, 1831.
Hoe, Richard M. - (September 12, 1812 - June 7, 1886), was an American inventor who designed an improved printing press.
Hollings, Ernest - (born January 1, 1922) served as a Democratic United States Senator from South Carolina from 1966 to 2005.
Hooks, Benjamin L. - Former Executive
Hoover, Frank - Vacuum cleaner fame
Hoover, J. Edgar - (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972), known popularly as J. Edgar Hoover, was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. Appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation—predecessor to the FBI—in 1924, he was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, where he remained director until his death in 1972.
Hope, Bob - (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), was an English born comedian and actor who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in radio, television, and movies. He was also noted for his work with the US Armed Forces and his numerous USO tours entertaining American military personnel. Throughout his career, he was honored for his humanitarian work.
Hornsby, Rogers - April 27, 1896 in Winters, Texas - January 5, 1963 in Chicago, Illinois), nicknamed "The Rajah", was a Major League Baseball second baseman and manager. Hornsby's first name, Rogers, was his mother's maiden name. He spent the majority of his playing career with the St. Louis Cardinals, though he also had short stints with the Chicago Cubs, the Boston Braves, and the New York Giants, and he ended his career as the player-manager of the St. Louis Browns.
Houdini, Harry - (March 24, 1874 – October 31, 1926) whose birth name in Hungary was Erik Weisz (which was changed to Ehrich Weiss when he immigrated to the United States), was a Hungarian American magician, escapologist (widely regarded as one of the greatest ever) and stunt performer, as well as a skeptic and investigator of spiritualists, film producer and actor. Harry Houdini forever changed the world of magic and escapes.
Houston, Sam - (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician, and soldier. Born in Timber Ridge, just north of Lexington in Rockbridge County, Virginia, in the Shenandoah Valley, Houston was a key figure in the history of Texas, including periods as President of the Republic of Texas, Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as governor. Although a slaveowner and opponent of abolitionism, he refused, because of his unionist convictions, to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union, bringing his governorship to an end. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of an army to put down the rebellion, and instead retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the Civil War. Raised to Master Mason on July 22, 1817
in Cumberland Masonic Lodge, Nashville, Tennessee.
Humphrey, Hubert Horatio - (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was the thirty-eighth Vice President of the United States, serving under President Lyndon B. Johnson. Humphrey twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota, and served as Democratic Majority Whip. He was a founder of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party and Americans for Democratic Action. He also served as mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1945–1949. In 1968, Humphrey was the nominee of the Democratic Party in the United States presidential election but narrowly lost to the Republican nominee, Richard Nixon.
Irwin, Jim - (March 17, 1930 – August 8, 1991) was an American astronaut. He is of Scottish and Irish descent. He served as Lunar Module pilot for Apollo 15, the fourth human lunar landing; he was the eighth man to walk on the Moon.
Ives, Burle - (14 June 1909 – 14 April 1995) was an Academy Award winning American actor and acclaimed folk music singer. He won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the movie The Big Country and was the voice of Sam the Snowman in the 1964 animated film Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer; however, he is probably better remembered for his music.
Jackson, Andrew - President of the U.S.
Jackson, Robert H. - Supreme Court Justice
James, Daniel "Chappie" -
11 February 1920 - 25 February 1978) was a fighter pilot in the U.S. Air Force, who in 1975 reached the rank of four star General.
Jenner, Edward -
(May 17, 1749 – January 26, 1823) was an English scientist who studied his natural surroundings in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He is famous as the first doctor to introduce and study the smallpox vaccine, although Benjamin Jesty, a farmer, earlier had vaccinated with cowpox to induce immunity to smallpox. It is believed that Jenner discovered it independently.
Johnson, Andrew - President of the U.S.
Johnson, John A 'Jack' -
(March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946), better known as Jack Johnson and nicknamed the “Galveston Giant”, was an American boxer and arguably the best heavyweight of his generation. He was the first black Heavyweight Champion of the World (1908-1915). In a documentary about his life, Ken Burns notes: “For more than thirteen years, Jack Johnson was the most famous, and the most notorious African-American on Earth.”[
Johnson, John H. - (January 19, 1918 – August 8, 2005) Publisher EBONY and
Johnston, Jr. , J. Bennett - (born June 10, 1932), is a Washington, D.C.-based lobbyist who was a U.S. Democratic Party politician and United States senator from Louisiana from 1972 until 1997.
Jolson, Al - May 26, 1886–October 23, 1950), born in Russia, was a highly acclaimed American singer, comedian, and actor, and the first openly Jewish man to become an entertainment star in America. His career lasted from 1911 until his death in 1950, during which time he was commonly dubbed "the world's greatest entertainer.” Numerous well-known singers were influenced by his music, including Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Judy Garland, and Elvis Presley.
Jones, Anson - (January 20, 1798 – January 9, 1858) was a doctor, businessman, congressman, and the last president of the Republic of Texas, sometimes called the "Architect of Annexation."
Jones, Captain John Paul (1735-1818) - He was America's first well-known naval hero in the American Revolutionary War. He was raised to Master Mason in St Bernard's Lodge #122, Kirkcudbright, Scotland on November 27, 1770 and was also a member of the Lodge of the 9 Sisters (Les Neufs Soeus) in Paris.
Jones, Melvin - One of the founders
of the Lions International
Keaton, Buster - (October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an Academy Award-winning American comic actor and filmmaker. Best known for his silent films, his trademark was physical comedy with a stoic, deadpan expression on his face, earning him the nickname "The Great Stone Face" (referencing the Nathaniel Hawthorne story about the "Old Man of the Mountain"). He has also been called "The Michelangelo of Silent Comedy".
Kemp, Jack -
(born July 13, 1935) is an American politician and former professional American football player. In the 1996 election, Kemp was Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole's running mate for Vice President. He had previously contended for the presidential nomination in the 1988 Republican primaries. Kemp began his political career with nine terms as a Congressman for Western New York, from 1971 to 1989. He also served as Housing Secretary in the George H. W. Bush administration.
Kern, Jerome - (January 27, 1885 – November 11, 1945) was an American composer of popular music. He wrote around 700 songs, including such classics as "Ol' Man River", "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man", "A Fine Romance", "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes", "All the Things You Are" and "The Way You Look Tonight". His career spanned dozens of Broadway musicals and Hollywood films from 1902 until his death. Although Kern wrote almost exclusively for musical theatre and musical film, the harmonic richness of his compositions lends them well to the jazz idiom (which typically emphasizes improvisation based on a harmonic structure) and many Kern melodies have been adopted by jazz musicians to become standard tunes.
Key, Francis Scott (1780-1943) -
(August 1, 1779 – January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the words to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".
Kipling, Rudyard (December 30, 1865–January 18, 1936) an English author and poet, born in Bombay, British India, and best known for his works The Jungle Book (1894).
Knox, Henry - (July 25, 1750 – October 25, 1806) was an American bookseller from Boston who became the chief artillery officer of the Continental Army and later the nation's first Secretary of War
Lafayette, Marquis de - (September 6, 1757 – May 20, 1834) Supporter of
American Freedom - Not known where he was raised, he was made a Royal Arch Mason in Jerusalem Chapter #8, in New York City September 12, 1824 and received the Scottish Rite degrees in New York in 1824 and 1825.
LaGuardia, Fiorello H. -
(born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia; December 11, 1882 – September 20, 1947) was Mayor of New York for three terms from 1934 to 1945. He was popularly known as "the Little Flower," the translation of his Italian first name, Fiorello, and, most likely, a reference to his short stature. A Republican, he was a popular mayor and a strong supporter of the New Deal. La Guardia led New York's recovery during the Great Depression and became a national figure, serving as President Roosevelt's director of civilian defense during the run-up to the United States joining the Second World War.
Lake, Simon - (September 4, 1866 - June 23, 1945) was a Quaker American mechanical engineer and naval architect who obtained over two hundred patents for advances in naval design and competed with John Philip Holland to build the first submarines for the United States Navy.
Lamar, Joseph E. - Supreme Court Justice
Lamar, Mirabeau B. - (August 16, 1798 – December 19, 1859) was the second president of the Republic of Texas, following David G. Burnet (1836 as ad-interim president) and Sam Houston.
Land, Frank S. - Founder Order of DeMolay
- Past Potentate Ararat
Shrine and the Imperial
Lemon, Mark - (30 November 1809 – 23 May 1870) was the editor of Punch, born in London, England.
Leopold - Duke of Albany Youngest son of Queen Victoria was initiated in Apollo University Lodge No. 357, Oxford, England May 1, 1874 and in May, 1875 became a member of Lodge of Antiquity. No. 2. Served as master of Apollo Lodge, 1876.
Lewis, Meriwether - (August 18, 1774–October 11, 1809) was an American explorer, soldier, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark, whose mission was to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase.
Lincoln, Elmo - (born February 6, 1889 in Rochester, Indiana – died June 27, 1952 in Los Angeles) was an American film actor - first to play Tarzan.
Lindbergh, Charles - (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974) (nicknamed "Lucky Lindy" and "The Lone Eagle") was an American aviator, author, inventor, explorer, and peace activist who, on May 20–21, 1927, rose instantaneously from virtual obscurity to world fame as the result of his piloting of the first solo nonstop Transatlantic flight from New York (Roosevelt Field) to Paris (Le Bourget Field), in the single-seat, single-engine monoplane Spirit of St. Louis. Lindbergh was awarded the nation's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, in 1927 for his exploit.
Lipton, Sir Thomas - (born May 10, 1848 in Glasgow; died October 2, 1931 in London) was a Scotsman of Ulster-Scots parentage who was a self-made man, merchant, and yachtsman. He created the famous Lipton tea brand and was the most persistent challenger in the history of the America's Cup.
Livingston, Robert - (November 27, 1746 – February 26, 1813), of New York, was a delegate to the New York state constitutional convention and a member of the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, although he was recalled by his state before he could sign the final version of the document. Livingston served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs from 1781 to 1783, under the Articles of Confederation. In 1789, as Chancellor of the State of New York, he administered the first term oath of office to George Washington, the first President of the United States, at Federal Hall in the City of New York. Washington is the only President to have taken the oath of office in New York City, which was then the capital of the United States.
Lloyd, Harold C. - 1893–1971, American movie actor, born - Burchard, Kans. Lloyd was famous for his comic portrayals of a wistful innocent with horn-rimmed glasses who blunders in and out of hair-raising situations. His natural style of acting helped to create a believable character that made Lloyd the most popular film comedian of the 1920s. He appeared in over 500 films, including many shorts, spanning both the silent and sound eras; among them were Safety Last (1923), Girl Shy (1924), The Freshman (1925), Movie Crazy (1932), and Mad Wednesday (1947).
Lott, Trent - (born October 9, 1941) is a former United States Senator from Mississippi and a member of the Republican Party. He has served in numerous leadership positions in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, including House Minority Whip, Senate Majority Leader, Senate Minority Leader, and Senate Minority Whip. Lott is the first person to have served as whip in both houses of Congress.
MacArthur, General Douglas (1880-1964) - American Allied Commander Armed Forces in Philipines
MacDonald, Sir John A. - First Prime Minister
of Canada 1867-73 & 1878-91
Marshall, James W. - Discovered Gold
at Sutter's Mill California 1848
Marshall, George C. (1880-1959) Marshall was a general of the army and US Army chief of staff during World War II and later Secretary of State and of Defense.
Marshall, John (1755-1835) - Chief Justice U.S.
- Raised in an unknown lodge during the Revolution and joined Richmond Lodge #10 and he served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia from 1793 to 1795.
Marshall, Thurgood (1908-1993) - Supreme Court Justice 1967-1991
Mathews, Stanley (1824-1889) - Supreme Court Justice - 1881-1889
Mayer, Louis B. - (born Eliezer Meir 1884 – October 29, 1957) was an early film producer, most famous for his stewardship and co-founding of the Hollywood film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Mayo, Dr. William and Charles - Mayo Clinic evolved from the frontier practice of Dr. William Worrall Mayo and his two sons, William James Mayo (1861–1939) & Charles Horace Mayo (1865–1939). Dr. William Worrall Mayo emigrated from Salford, United Kingdom, to the United States in 1846 and became a doctor.
Mays, Benjamin - Educator/former president
Maytag, Fredrick - (July 14, 1857 – March 26, 1937) also known as F. L. Maytag, founded the Maytag Company, which eventually became the Maytag Corporation which was acquired by the Whirlpool Corporation in 2005.
McKinley, William - President of the
Menninger, Karl A. -
(July 22, 1893 - July 18, 1990), born in Topeka, Kansas, was an American psychiatrist and a member of the famous Menninger family of psychiatrists who founded the Menninger Foundation and the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas.
Mellon, Andrew - American industrialis,
banker and philanthropist
Mesmer, Franz Anton - Practiced Mesmerism
which led to Hypnotism
Metcalfe, Ralph Harold - (May 30, 1910 – October 10, 1978) was an American athlete who jointly held the world record for the 100 metre sprint. Metcalfe was known as the world’s fastest human from 1932 through 1934.
Michelson, Albert Abraham - Successfully
measured the speed of light in 1882
Miller, Glenn - (March 1, 1904–presumably December 15, 1944), was an American jazz musician and band leader in the swing era. He was one of the best-selling recording artists from 1939 to 1942, leading one of the best known "Big Bands". Miller's signature recordings include, "In the Mood", "Tuxedo Junction", "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "Moonlight Serenade", "Little Brown Jug", and "Pennsylvania 6-5000". While travelling to entertain U.S. troops in France during World War II, Miller's plane disappeared in bad weather.
Minton, Sherman - Supreme Court Justice
Edgar D. Mitchell (Born Sept. 17, 1930) Apollo 14
- Artesia Lodge No. 28, Artesia, New Mexico - is an American pilot, engineer, and astronaut. As the lunar module pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours working on the lunar surface in the Fra Mauro Highlands region, making him the sixth person to walk on the Moon.
Mix, Tom - U.S. Marshal turned actor - (born Thomas Hezikiah Mix; January 6, 1880 – October 12, 1940) was an American film actor and the star of many early Western movies. He made a reported 336 films between 1910 and 1935, all but 9 of which were silent features. He was Hollywood’s first Western megastar and is noted as having defined the genre for all cowboy actors who followed.
Monroe, James - President of the U.S.
Montgolfier, Jacques Etienne (January 1745 – 2 August 1799) Co-developer
of the first practical hot-air balloon.
Montgolfier, Joseph Michel (26 August 1740 – 26 June 1810) Co-developer
of the first practical hot-air balloon
Moody, William H. - Supreme Court Justice
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (January 1756 – 5 December 1791) - Famous Composer
Murphy, Audie Leon (1925-1971) - Actor - Most decorated American
Soldier of WWII -
Naismith, James - Inventor of Basketball
Napoleon I (1769-1821) - French military genius and Emperor of France, 1805-14. b. Aug. 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica. d. in exile May 5, 1821, on island of St. Helena. At one time he controlled most of Europe. His biographers have depicted him as a champion of the French people and a defender of democracy on one hand, and as an adventurer and despot who exploited the Revolution for personal gain, on the other. He possessed an unquestionable military genius and great administrative ability. This biographical sketch will confine itself to his Masonic associations, the main part being taken from Bro. J. E. S. Tuckett's research appearing in the A.Q.C. transactions of 1914. One source has it that he was initiated in an Army Philadelphe Lodge between 1795-98, and another places it at Malta between June 12-19, 1798. The former would seem to have preference, as authorities who have studied his movements state that the Malta initiation would be unlikely at that -time. In 1801 a prominent Ecossais member, Bro. Abraham, wrote "as proud now to number the immemorial Brothers Bonaparte and Moreau, q.v., among its members." The official report of a Masonic festival at Dijon in Nov. of that year described Masonic honors paid to Bonaparte and Moreau. Napoleon's four brothers—Joseph, Lucian, Louis, and Jerome, qq.v., were Freemasons, as well as his stepson, Eugene Beauharnais, q.v., his brother-in-law Murat, q.v., and nephew, Jerome. Most of them held high Masonic rank. The Empress Josephine was friendly to Freemasonry and was initiated into adoptive Freemasonry in the Lodge Les Francs Chevaliers at Paris in 1804, with several ladies of her court, and became an active member as well as patroness of that rite. Those who were chosen by Napoleon for high honor and office in the state were usually Freemasons. Of the six, who, with the emperor himself, formed the Grand Council of the Empire, five were certainly Freemasons, including Arch Chancellor Prince Jean Jacques Regis Cambaceres, q.v., an enthusiastic and active Mason. Of the nine lesser imperial officers of state, six at least were active Masons. Of the marshals of France who served under Napoleon, at least 22 of the first 30 were Freemasons, many of them grand officers of the Grand Orient. The union of all the separate and often mutually hostile rites in one governing body was a project of Napoleon. As first consul of France, he threatened to abolish Freemasonry altogether unless this was accomplished. Late in 1804, at the request of Cambaceres, he interested himself in the reorganization of the Grand Orient, with the result that in 1805 it assumed control over the whole body of Freemasonry in the empire, with the emperor's brother, Joseph, as grand master, and Cambaceres and Murat as his deputies. Through Cambaceres, Napoleon assured the craft of his imperial protection, stating that he had instituted inquiry on the subject of Freemasonry, and that he perceived that their high moral aims and purposes were worthy of his favor.
Napoleon III (1808-1873) - Emperor of France, 1852-71. Son of Louis Bonaparte, q.v., and nephew of Napoleon I. Full name was Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte. He became head of the Bonaparte family when Napoleon II died in 1832. He plotted a revolt in Strasbourg in 1836, but it was discovered and he was sent to America; he
Nash, Charles - Automobile industry
Nelson, Samuel - Supreme Court Justice
New, Harry S. - Postmaster General who
Newton, Joseph Fort - Christian Minister
Nunn, Sam - U.S. Senator
Olds, Ransom E. - American automobile
Otis, James - Famous for "Taxation
without Representation is Tyranny"
Palmer, Arnold - Golf Pro
Paterson, William - Supreme Court Justice
Peale, Norman Vincent - Founder of "Guidepost"
Peary, Robert E. (1856-1920) - First man to reach
the North Pole (1909) - Raised toMaster Mason on March 3rd, 1896 in Kane Lodge #454, New York City.
Penney, James C. - Retailer
Pershing, John Joseph (1860-1948) - Decorated American
Pike, Brigadier General Albert - (December 29, 1809–April 2, 1891) was an attorney, soldier, writer, and Freemason. Pike is the only Confederate military officer or figure to be honored with an outdoor statue in Washington, D.C. (in Judiciary Square).
Pitney, Mahlon - Supreme Court Justice
Poinsett, Joel R. - U.S. Minister to
Mexico who developed the flower: Poinsettia
Polk, James Knox - President of the
Pound, Roscoe - Former Dean, Harvard
Pullman, George - Built first sleeping
car for trains.
Pushkin, Aleksander - Russian Poet
Quarles, William Andrew (1820-1893) - Brigadier General, Confederate Army, Civil War. b. 1820 in Va. Member of Clarksville Lodge No. 89, Clarksville Chapter No. 3, R.A.M., and Clarksville Commandery No. 8, K.T. (knighted Sept. 6, 1871), all of Clarksville, Tenn.
George H. Quarterman Protestant Episcopal Bishop. b. Aug. 12, 1906 in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Ordained to ministry in 1934, and served as rector in Ardmore, Okla., Amarillo, Texas, becoming bishop of Northwest Texas in 1946. Trustee of U. of the South since 1946. Member of Tascosa Lodge No. 1375, Amarillo, Texas, and 32° AASR (SJ) at Dallas.
Edouard Quartier-La-Tente (18551925) Swiss Masonic editor and in charge of the International Bureau of Masonic Affairs. b. 1855 in New York City. He became an educator in Neufchatel, Switzerland, and served five years as grand master of the Grand Lodge Alpine. He edited Alpine, a Masonic periodical, for 15 years. Was a member of the Swiss Supreme Council, AASR. When the Grand Lodge Alpina established the International Bureau of Masonic Affairs in 1903, he was placed in charge. Its purpose was to link all grand lodges and serve as a clearing house for Masonic information. d. Jan. 19, 1925.
Matthew S. Quay (1833-1904) U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania, 1887-1899. b. Sept. 30, 1833 in Dillsburg, Pa. Graduate of Jefferson Coll. (Pa.) in 1850; admitted to the bar in 1854, and practiced in Beaver, Pa. Servedin Civil War with Pa. volunteers as major and lieutenant colonel in commissary and transportation departments. Was secretary of Pa., 1872-78; member of lower house, 1865-67; state treasurer, 1885-87; member of St. James Lodge No. 457, Beaver, Pa. d. May 28, 1904.
Quesada, Apolinar de Jusus Soto - Costa Rican Secretary of State, and President of the Constitutional Congress. Member of Esperanza Lodge No. 2.
Quesada, Conception - Costa Rican Brigadier General. Commandant of the Plaza of San Jose. Member of Maraville Lodge.
Quesada, Manuel Aragon - Costa Rican politician. Was secretary of state, president of congress, and minister plenipotentiary to Europe, U.S., and Central America. An outstanding economist, he organized the Costa Rican office of statistics. Member of Caridad Lodge No. 26.
Quezon, Manuel Luis (1878-1944) - President of the Philippine Islands from Sept. 17, 1935 until his death in 1944. b. Aug. 19, 1878 in Baler, Tayabas, P.I. Admitted to the bar in 1903. He served on the staff of General Aguinaldo, q.v. He was successively provincial prosecuting attorney, provincial governor of Tayabas, and resident commissioner to the U.S., 1909-16. He was president of the Philippine senate in 1916-35 and a leading figure in the movement which led to the gradual independence of the islands. Upon the Japanese invasion, he escaped by U.S. submarine to the U.S. on Feb. 20, 1942; he died in Saranac Lake, N.Y., August 1, 1944. Quezon was a Freemason most of his adult life, being grand master of the Grand Lodge of the Philippines, 191819. Due to the influence of his wife he resigned from Freemasonry, Sept. 17, 1930. After his death, the Catholic church claimed he had renounced Freemasonry. Seven years after he left Masonry, he made this statement: "I didn't actually resign from the Masonic order until several months later, and I never denounced Masonry. There is a formal form which those returning to the church from the Masonic lodge are supposed to sign. but I refused to sign it. Instead, I wrote the Archbishop a personal note saying that I understood that I could not be readmitted to the Catholic Church so long as I remained a Mason, and for that reason I was resigning from Masonry." During his entire term as president, he fought for the separation of church and state.
Quillet, Aristide Ambroise (1880-1955) - French publicist and editor. Was orphaned at an early age and had to educate himself. At the age of 18 he opened the publishing house which still bears his name. A short time before WWI, he founded l'Editorial Labor in Spain. It still exists. He was co-director of the Dernieres Nouvelles de Strasbourg, a daily newspaper printed in two languages. In 1938 he founded the Editorial Argentina Aristide Quillet in Buenos Aires. In WWII he took an active part in the French resistance movement and in 1949 was promoted to grand commander of the Legion of Honor. He was initiated in 1903 in the lodge, Temple de l'Honneur et l'Union of the Grand Orient of France. In 1936 he founded a new lodge, La Marseillaise, and was its master for many years. He was an honorary member of Goethe Lodge No. 379. Shortly before his death the Grand Lodge of France presented him with the 50-year service medal. d. 1955.
Quinby, Henry B. (1846-1924) - Governor of New Hampshire, 1909-11. b. June 10, 1846 in Biddleford, Maine. Graduate of Bowdoin Coll. in 1869 and 1872; M.D. from Nat. Med. Coll. (Washington) in 1870. Served in both branches of the state legislature. President of Laconia National Bank, City Savings Bank, and Masonic Temple Assn. Member of Mount Lebanon Lodge No. 32, Laconia; exalted in Union Chapter No. 70, R.A.M., April 12, 1871; greeted in Pythagorean Council No. 6, R. & S.M., Oct. 8, 1872; received 32° AASR (NJ) at Nashua, April 13, 1896, and became 33° and active member of the Northern Supreme Council. d. Feb. 8, 1924.
Quincy, Josiah (1772-1864) - President of Harvard, 1829-45; U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts, 180513. b. Feb. 4, 1772 in Boston, Mass. Graduate of Harvard in 1790; began law practice in Boston in 1793. Served in both branches of the state legislature, and was mayor of Boston, 182329, during which time the erection of the Bunker Hill monument was begun. Raised in St. John's Lodge of Boston, March 28, 1795. d. July 1, 1864.
Quinet, Edgar (1803-1875) - French writer and politician. Studied philosophy in Germany and made French translations of Herder's books. Traveled widely in Europe and wrote of his observations. Author of two epic poems, Napoleon (1836) and Promethee (1838). Involved in revolutionary activities in 1848 and banished from France. After his return in 1870 was elected to the national convention. A Freemason, but his lodge is not known.
Quinn, James H. - First man to raise the American flag on the pueblo at Taos, New Mexico in 1847. He was a nephew of Stephen A. Douglas, q.v. Member of Montezuma Lodge No. 109 (now No. 1 of Santa Fe) in 1853.
Quitman, John A. (1799-1858) Governor of Mississippi, 1835-36 and 1850-51; Major General, U.S.A. in Mexican War, 1846-48; U.S. Congressman from Mississippi, 1855-58, and "Father of Mississippi Masonry." b. Sept. 1, 1799 in Rhinebeck, N.Y. He was early in-dined towards the ministry, but taught school and studied law in Philadelphia, then moved to Ohio, where he was admitted to the bar in 1821. In 1882 he went to Memphis, Tenn., and later to Natchez, Miss. He served as president of the state senate. In 1836 he raised a body of men to aid the Texans against the incursions of Santa Anna, q.v.; returning home to Natchez, he became a major general of the state militia. In Federal service in the Mexican War, he distinguished himself at Monterrey, Fort Tenerice, Vera Cruz, Pueblo and Chapultepec. He was appointed governor of the City of Mexico. In 1848 and again in 1856 he was suggested as Democratic nominee for vice president, but was not nominated. He was an avowed advocate of states rights, and as leader of the extreme Southern party, supported the right of secession for states. He was raised in Hiram Lodge No. 18, Delaware, Ohio, in 1820, and affiliated with Harmony Lodge No. 1, Natchez, Miss. in 1822, serving as master two years later. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Mississippi from 1826-37 and 1845-46, declining further terms. He was a 32° AASR (SJ) and intimate friend of Albert Pike, who conducted a lodge of sorrow in his memory in 1860. He was also an honorary member of the grand lodges of South Carolina and New York. d. July 17, 1858 at his Natchez home "Monmouth," which is now famous as one of the outstanding anti-bellum homes of Natchez. It is thought he died of poisoning at a banquet in Washington, D.C., during the inauguration of Buchanan.
Rangel, Charles B. - U.S. Congressman
Randolph, A. Phillip - Founder - first
president, International Brotherhood
Sleeping Car Porters
Retief, Piet - Afrikaans leader and
and one of the founders of the South
Reed, Stanley F. - Supreme Court Justice
Revere, Paul - Famous American
Rhodes, Cecil - "Rhodes Scholarship"
Rickenbacker, Eddie - Great American
Army Air Corps "Ace"
Rickey, Branch (1881-1965) Tuscan Lodge No. 360, St. Louis, Missouri, Baseball player.
Rickles, Donald J. - born in New York City May 8, 1926, is an American comedian, film actor, and voice actor. A frequent Tonight Show television talk show guest in the 1960s and 1970s, he built a popular nightclub act and became famous for insulting his audience.
Raised : June 6, 1953
Service City Geba Lodge No. 1009, Astoria, New York
Ringling Brothers - All 7 brothers and
their father were Masons.
Robinson, Sugar Ray - American Boxer
Rogers, Roy - American cowboy and screen
Rogers, Will - Actor
Roosevelt, Franklin D. - President of
Roosevelt, Theodore - President of the
Rush, Benjamin - 1 of 9 Masonic signers
of the Declaration of Independance
Rutledge, Wiley B. - Supreme Court Chief
Salten, Felix - Creator of Bambi
Sanders, Harland "Colonel" - Founder Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants
Sarnoff, David - Father of T.V.
Sax, Antoine Joseph - Invented the Saxophone
Schoonover, George - Founder of "The
Schirra Jr., Walter - (March 12, 1923 – May 3, 2007) - Astronaut - Canaveral Lodge No. 339, Cocoa Beach, Florida - was one of the original Mercury 7 astronauts chosen for the Project Mercury, America's first effort to put humans in space. He was the only person to fly in all of America's first three space programs (Mercury, Gemini and Apollo). He logged a total of 295 hours and 15 minutes in space.
Schirra was the fifth American and the ninth human to ride a rocket into space. He was the first person to go into space three times.
Scott, Sir Walter - Scottish Writer
Sellers, Peter - Actor
Sexson, W. Mark - Founder of Rainbow
Girls, Masonic historian/author/researcher
Walter M. Schirra, Jr. (March 12, 1923 – May 3, 2007) Mercury 8 "Sigma 7", Gemini VI, Apollo 7 - was one of the original Mercury 7 astronauts chosen for the Project Mercury, America's first effort to put humans in space. He was the only person to fly in all of America's first three space programs (Mercury, Gemini and Apollo). He logged a total of 295 hours and 15 minutes in space.
Sibelius, Jean - Composer (Finland)
Simpson, Alan - U.S. Senator
Skelton, Red - (July 18, 1913 - September 17, 1997) born Richard "Red" Bernard Skelton - Entertainer - Vincennes Lodge #1 in Indiana, and the Scottish Rite Valley of Evansville.
Smith, John Stafford - Wrote the music
that became the U.S. National Anthem.
Joseph Smith (12/23/1805-06/27/1844) was made a freemason "at sight" by Grand Master Abraham Jonas, then initiated on March 15, 1842, and passed and raised on March 16, 1842
Sousa, John Philip - Led the U.S. Marine
Band from 1880 - 1892
Thomas Patton Stafford - (born September 17, 1930) (Western Star Lodge, Weatherford, Oklahoma) is a retired Air Force Lieutenant General, a former NASA astronaut, and the first General Officer (Brigadier General) to fly into space. He is one of only 24 people to have flown to the Moon.
Stanford, Leland - Railroads & Stanford
Starr, Bart - Football legend
Stassen, Harold - Statesman, sole surviving
signer of the United Nations Charter
Stewart, Potter - Supreme Court Justice
Still, Andrew T. - American Physician
who devised osteopathy treatment
Stokes, Carl B. - Former mayor, Cleveland,
Stokes, Louis - U.S. Congressman Ohio
Stratton, Charles "Tom Thumb"
Swayne, Noah H. - Supreme Court Justice
Swift, Johathan - Author of "Gulliver's
Taft, William Howard - Twenty-seventh
President of the United States.
Teets, John W. - Chairman and Presiden
of Dial Corporation.
Thomas, Danny - Actor and Entertainer.
Thomas, Dave (July 2, 1932 – January 8, 2002) - Founder of Wendys Restaurant.
Thomas, Lowell - Reporter Who Brought
'Lawrence of Arabia' to Public Notice.
Thurston, Howard - Vaudeville Magician.
Tillis, Mel - Country Singer.
Tirpitz, Alfred Von - German Naval officer
responsible for submarine warfare
Todd, Thomas - Supreme Court Justice.
Travis, Colonel William B. - Texas Patriot
at the Battle of the Alamo.
Trimble, Robert - Supreme Court Justice.
Truman, Harry S. - Thirty-third President of the United
States and member of the Ararat
Twain, Mark -
pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910) - an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. Twain is most noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which has since been called the Great American Novel, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He is also known for his quotations. During his lifetime, Twain became a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists and European royalty.
and famous Missourian
Uden, Conrad F. - Masonic author, who was Doctor of Medicine and professor of University of Dorpat, and later counselor and secretary of the medical college of St. Petersburg, Russia. From 1783-85 he was the editor of the Archly fur Freimaurerei and Rosenkreuzer, published at Berlin. It contained much interesting information concerning Rosicrucianism. He also edited Tables of the Total Freemasons of Lodges in 1785 and 1786.
Umstattd, William E. - President of Timken Roller Bearing Co. b. Aug. 17, 1894 in Bristol, Tenn. Received 33° AASR (NJ) in Oct., 1955. Received craft degrees in Lathrop Lodge No. 676, Canton, Ohio on May 15, June 5, 19, 1928.
Umstead, William B. - U.S. Congressman to 73rd-75th Congresses, 1933-39, from N. Car. and U.S. Senator, 194648. b. May 13, 1895 in Durham Co., N. Car. Admitted to the bar in 1920, and practiced at Durham, N. Car. Served in WWI as a lieutenant in 81st Division.
Underhill, Charles L. (1867-1946) - U.S. Congressman to 67th-72nd Congresses, 1921-33, from 9th Mass. dist. b. July 20, 1867 in Richmond, Va. Began as an office boy; later coal teamster, and learned blacksmith's trade. Entered hardware business in 1896. Served ten terms in Mass. house of representatives. Received degrees in Soley Lodge, Somerville, Mass. in 1900-01. d. Jan. 28, 1946.
Underhill, Edwin S. (1861-1929) - U.S. Congressman from N.Y. to 62nd-63rd Congresses, 1911-15. b. Oct. 7, 1861 in Bath, N.Y. Graduate of Yale in 1881. Published Steuben Farmers' Advocate, Corning (N.Y.) Evening Leader, and other papers. Member of Steuben Lodge No. 112, Bath, N.Y. receiving degrees on March 16, April 20, May 18, 1887. d. Feb. 7, 1929.
Underwood, Adin B. (1828-1888) - Major General (brevet) in Civil War. b. May 19, 1828 in Milford, Mass. Graduate of Brown U. in 1849. Settled at Boston in 1855. Raised recruits at beginning of Civil War; was appointed captain in the 2nd Mass. Inf. in April, 1861, advancing to lieutenant colonel in same year. Participated in battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. Served under General Hooker at Lookout Mountain, where he was wounded. Appointed brigadier general of volunteers in Jan., 1863, and major general in Aug., 1865. Was surveyor of the port of Boston for nearly 20 years. Member of Bunker Hill Army Lodge No. 5 (Mass.) and later Montgomery Lodge, Milford, Mass. d. Jan. 14, 1888.
Underwood, Cecil H. - Governor of West Virginia, 1956-60. b. Nov. 5, 1922 in Joseph's Mills, W. Va. Graduate of Salem Coll. and W. Va. U. Taught school from 1943, and became vice president of Salem Coll., 1950-56. Served in state house of delegates, 1944-56, and was minority leader, 1949-56. Raised in Phoenix Lodge No. 73, Sistersville, W. Va. in May, 1955. Member of John W. Morris Consistory, AASR (SJ) at Charleston and Beni Kedem Shrine Temple of that city.
Underwood, Joseph R. (1791-1876) - U.S. Senator and Congressman from Kentucky. b. Oct. 24, 1791 in Gooch-land Co., Va. Was grandfather of Oscar W. Underwood, q.v. Moved to Barren Co., Ky. in 1803. Graduate of Transylvania Coll., Lexington, in 1811. Served in War of 1812 as a lieutenant in 13th Ky. Inf. Admitted to the bar in 1813 and began practice in Glasgow, Ky. Member of state house of representatives in 1816-19, and moved to Bowling Green, Ky. in 1823. Served in 24th-27th Congresses, 183543. Was U.S. senator, 1847-53. Member of Allen Lodge No. 24, Glasgow, Kyl, and served as senior warden at one time (1816). Member of Clay Mark Lodge No. 7 of that city and Bowling Green Chapter No. 38, R.A.M. of Bowling Green. Buried Masonically. d. Aug. 23, 1876.
Underwood, Oscar W. (1862-1929) - U.S. Senator from Alabama, 1915-27; U.S. Congressman to 55th-63rd Congresses, 1897-1915. b. May 6, 1862 in Louisville, Ky., the grandson of Joseph R. Underwood, q.v. Admitted to the bar in 1884, and began practice in Birmingham, Ala. Was Democratic floor leader of the house of representatives, 1911-15, and same in senate, 1921-23. He was candidate for Democratic presidential nomination in 1912 and 1924. Became a member of Birmingham (Ala.) Fraternal Lodge No. 384 on Oct. 20, 1909. Received KCCH on Oct. 16, 1917 and 33° on Oct. 24, 1919. d. Jan. 25, 1929.
Upham, James Bailey (1865-1905) - Wrote the original Pledge of Allegiance to the flag of the United States. b. Dec. 27, 1865 in New Hampton, N.H. He was a member of the firm Perry Mason & Co., publishers of The Youth's Companion. The "pledge" was moulded into final form by his firm's editorial staff and was first printed in the issue of September 8, 1892 in conjunction with the publicschool celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. Member of Converse Lodge, Malden, Mass., receiving degrees on Feb. 16, March 15, May 15, 1888. d. Nov. 25, 1905.
Upham, William H. (1841-1924) - Governor of Wisconsin, 1895-97. b. May 3, 1841 in Westminster, Mass. Moved to Niles, Mich. in 1852, and to Racine, Wis. the following year. Entered 2nd Wis. H. in 1861. Was shot through lungs at Bull Run on July 21, 1861, and reported dead. Was prisoner of war six months. Lincoln appointed him to the U.S. Military Academy and he was graduated in 1866. Resigned from Army in 1869. Was in lumber, furniture manufacturing, and banking at Marshfield, Wis. from 1878. Mason. d. July 2, 1924.
Upston, John E. (1890-1952) - Major General, U.S. Air Force. b. Sept. 9, 1890 in Tawas City, Mich. Enlisted as aviation cadet in WWI and promoted through grades to brigadier general in 1942, and major general in 1950. In WWII he was chief of African and Middle Eastern Theater Unit; on War Dept. general staff; chief of staff of XX Bomber Command; in ChinaBurma-India Theater; commanding general of 72nd Fighter Wing. In 1948 he was commanding general of the 4th Air Force. Mason, 32° AASR, and Shriner. d. Aug. 18, 1952.
Uriot, Joseph - Author of True Portrait of a Freemason, published at Frankfort in 1742. It is one of the earliest expositions of the true principles of Freemasonry to appear in Germany. Many editions were published. In 1769 he published Letters on Freemasonry at Stongard, which was in effect, an enlargement of the former work.
Urquiza, Justo Jose de - constitutional president of Argentina, 1854-60. He was governor of Entre Rios province from 1842-54. Caseros Day (Independence) in Argentina on Feb. 3 celebrates his defeat of the tyrant, Juan Manuel de Rosas. He reorganized the dismembered country and called a conference of provincial governors. Out of this grew a confederation. He was succeeded by Derqui, q.v. He was commander in chief of the national forces. He was defeated in the Battle of Pavon in 1862, and General Mitre, q.v., was proclaimed president. Urquiza pledged his support to Mitre, but declined ap- pointment as commander in chief of cavalry, and returned to his huge ranch, where he and two sons were murdered in 1870. He was initiated in "Jorge Washington" Lodge No. 44 at Conception and rose to the 33° AASR. He later became a member of the Union del Plate Lodge. Four successive presidents of Argentina were members of this lodge at the same time. In addition to Uriquiza they were: Santiago Derqui, president from 1860-62; General Bartolme Mitre, president from 1862-68 and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, president from 1868-74.
Voltaire - French Writer and Philosopher.
Vinson, Frederick M. - Supreme Court
Wadlow, Robert Pershing - Tallest human
on record, 9 feet tall.
Wallace, George C. - Presidential Candidate
who was the Target of an Assassination
Wallace, Lewis - Wrote "Ben Hur"
Warner, Jack - Founder of Warner Brothers.
Warren, Earl - Supreme Court Justice
Washington, Booker T. - Educator and
George - First President of the
Wayne, John - born Marion Robert Morrison - Actor.
Webb, Matthew - First Man to Swim the
English Channel (1875).
Weitz, Paul - July 25, 1932 - Skylab 2, Challenger (STS-6) Lawrence Lodge
No. 708, Erie, Pennsylvania - is an American former astronaut who flew in space twice.
In April 1966, Weitz was one of 19 men selected by NASA for Astronaut Group 5. He served as pilot on the crew of Skylab 2 (SL-2), which launched on May 25 and ended on June 22, 1973. SL-2 was the first manned Skylab mission, and activated a 28-day flight. In logging 672 hours and 49 minutes aboard the orbital workshop, the crew established what was then a new world record for a single mission. Weitz also logged 2 hours and 11 minutes in extravehicular activities. He may have also been assigned as the Command Module Pilot for the canceled Apollo 20.
Weitz was spacecraft commander on the crew of STS-6, which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on April 4, 1983. This was the maiden voyage of the Orbiter Challenger. During the mission, the crew conducted numerous experiments in materials processing, recorded lightning activities, deployed IUS/TDRS-A, conducted spectacular extravehicular activity while testing a variety of support systems and equipment in preparation for future space walks, and also carried three "Getaway Specials." Mission duration was 120 hours before landing Challenger on a concrete runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on April 9, 1983. With the completion of this flight, Paul Weitz logged a total of 793 hours in space.
Weitz was deputy director of the Johnson Space Center when he retired from NASA service in May 1994.
Wilberforce, William - Famous British Abolitionist
Whiteman, Paul - "King of Jazz"
Wilde, Oscar - Author.
Wills, Theodore "Chill" - Actor.
Woodbury, Levi - Supreme Court Justice.
Woods, William B. - Supreme Court Justice.
Wootton MD, Percy - President American
Medical Association (1997).
Wyler, William - Director of "Ben
Young, Cy - Denton True "Cy" Young (March 29, 1867 – November 4, 1955) - Baseball Player
Brigham Young (06/01/1801-08/29/1877) Nauvoo Lodge
- petitioned for membership on December 30, 1841. On March 17 1842—the day following Joseph Smith's raising - Nauvoo Lodge accepted his petition for membership. He was initiated April 7, 1842, passed April 8, 1842 and raised April 9, 1842. Young was known to have worn a masonic stick pin on his shirt at various times for the rest of his life — there are at least two photographs to this effect.
Young was an American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement and a settler of the western United States. He was the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1847 until his death and was the founder of Salt Lake City and the first governor of Utah Territory, United States. Brigham Young University was named in his honor.
Zanuck, Darryl F. - Co-founder of 20th
Century Productions in 1933.
Ziegfeld, Florenz - His Ziegfeld's Follies
began in 1907.